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The world is facing a serious challenge because of an epidemic by name Coronavirus. Citizens of many countries are affected by this epidemic. We are praying that all those people will recover soon and become healthy, and that no new person should be affected by this Virus. Even in our country, both the government and… Read More Kanchi Kamakoti Peetham – Message over CoronaVirus
I have two djinns to guard me all the time, One male djinn and one fat female one, Or are they two male and none female, I was never bright to know what they are They guard me from Evil Pinki in Mirror They hide her so that no one sees her grin But now,… Read More Pinki
It is surprising to see that the inscription issued in Saka 1108 is nothing more than a mass of names and no achievements. What does this mean? The Velanati Chodas didn’t achieve anything or by the time of Prithviswara, everything is forgotten? That he is ruling from Pithapuram and not Tsandavole itself is an indication… Read More Pithapuram Inscription of Velanati Choda Prithviswara
The dynastic change from Vijayalaya Chola Adhirajendra Chola to Vengi Chalukya Kulottunga Chola is one of the most chaotic events in South Indian history. Think about it. You know everything about Cholas till 1062, then, suddenly everything goes blank, then, again, clarity comes around 1080. Why is it a fascinating subject? Too many parameters, too… Read More From Rajendra Chalukya to Kulottunga Chola
I really hope this is a dead and dusted thing. Why they talk about Ayodhya? Why don’t they talk about the most Holy and Important Tirthas of Kailash and Man Sarover? Madina Education Centre in Hyderabad, run by Madina Education and Welfare Society, is silently and sincerely waging a relentless war against the evil forces… Read More Demolition of Babri Masjid and Aftermath – Speech by Subramanian Swamy, March 13, Madina Education Centre, Hyderabad
There is a obscure kingdom on the extreme end of Saurashtra by name Saindhavas about him almost nothing is known. Why do they matter? They crushed the Arab Navy, not once, but twice – a defeat that devastating that the Caliph, ordered no more naval raids of India. Nothing is known about them except two… Read More Saindhavas of Bhutambilika
Though one can’t say Alexander’s conquest of Persia was a cake walk, his real miseries started when he entered Persia proper. Hoping for a comfortable winter stay, Alexander marched on Persepolis in late 331 BC but his way was contested by a mountain tribe, Uxians, who demanded a toll for passage. Alexander attacked them and… Read More Alexander in Afghanistan
I was looking into some old tweets and stumbled upon a bunch of tweets – these tweets present a running commentary of Pakistan vs Bangladesh till Pakistan is out of the World Cup. Let’s do one thing. Let’s give an over by over update over how many overs left and how much they should score.… Read More Pakistan vs Bangladesh – Match Commentary
A simple Venn Diagram. A ∩ B exists only when there is something common between the both. Building upon Assmann, who says two of the major advantages of ancient polytheistic religions were religious tolerance and international law, this intersection exists there because though everyone has got their own religions, there is an equivalent god for… Read More Translatability of Gods – If it doesn’t exist?
The ecosystem believed BJP is a passing phase. So, it was silent for the first five years. But, by winning with an even bigger mandate, BJP clearly asserted it’s here to stay. What will the reaction be, if you are seeing your world slipping beneath your feet? After it became clear that BJP is coming… Read More The New India – Deliberate Provocation or Government Inaction?
I was looking into Keezhadi excavations and it looks as if the whole controversy created around it is just a controversy and nothing more. A quick reading tells that this is presented as a Brahminical conspiracy to suppress the glorious Tamil civilization and a whole narrative is built around it. First of all, a few… Read More Keezhadi – Is there a controversy, first of all?
Even in Srirangam, Vaikhanasa was the norm and Pancharatra was treated as a heresy. While Vaikhanasa is based on lineage(a person born in a Vaikhanasa lineage is ordained automatically), Pancharatra says, if qualified, anyone can become the priest. Obviously, it’s treated as a heresy. Yamunacharya is the first noted one who gave a scriptural backing… Read More Krimikantha Chola
I was having an interesting discussion yesterday, which, being unpalatable to the person with whom I was discussing, led to me being blocked by her on Twitter. That, this discussion is still on her mind can be seen from this single tweet. As is my practice, I will shade out all the names except mine. And… Read More Intellectual Dishonesty and Lost Arguments – A Discussion over Non-Vegetarianism and How it Spun Off into a Caste Based Atrocity Narrative
1900-1930 was a very interesting timeframe in Indian history – it saw the permanent rift between Hindus and Muslims as political forces, and rise of alternate forces based on anti-Brahminism. It is interesting to note, the sequence of events happened in a reactionary way with huge implications even today. Also worth noting is the fact… Read More Cause and Effect – Indian Politics 1900-1930
The fountainhead of Islam is Saudi Arabia. But, the sort of undercurrent of suport you see for Pakistan in India, you don’t see it for Saudi Arabia? If it has got to do with an Indian culture, why not Bangladesh or Afghanistan? Why do some people in India bond with Pakistan and not with other… Read More The Idea of Pakistan
When Lord Krishna was about to come to Hastinapura and when the Kuru court was deliberating how to receive him, Duryodhana in no mean words says, Krishna shouldn’t be accorded the honour he deserves – it’s not because he doesn’t deserve it(rather, he deserves much more than what we can give him) but because he… Read More Indian Narrative – Why Things Work the Way they Work?
This regional spin off is interesting. Though the mention is of Bohemians, it’s not Bohemians per se, but what are called as Parne who intermingle with Gypsies and live their life. They are considered as vile and inacceptable as like the Gypsies. This carol talks about the Three Magi who were supposed to have visited… Read More The Three Magi: A Carol (To a Gypsy Air) – Unknown
Notice the specific mention of a gypsy. Such things made them the regular stuff of persecution all over. The Panaghia sits alone, alone she sits and lonely ; She prays, and all her prayers are for her only Son beloved. A noise she hears, and tumult loud, and very great confusion ; And forth she… Read More For the Great Friday – A Greek Carol
How many of us know that Jan 1 is new year because that’s the day on which Jesus Christ was circumcised? There was an utter confusion with regard to new year between 12th and 15th century, with the most standard dates being 1 Jan – Roman New Year and the day of circumcision of Jesus… Read More January First as New Year Day
This is an extract from the account of Mirza Muinuddin Hasan Ali Khan, the first Kotwal of Delhi appointed by the Mughal Empire during the rebellion. He puts much weight on the happenings in Awadh as a reason for the rebellion – it is interesting to notice that British saw a threat in the play… Read More Events Leading to Rebellion in Awadh, 1847-1857
Very rarely you come up with plots like that of Kedarnath – nothing can stay in the path of love, even if it is power of god. This can be an inspiration to any number of plots on the same theme. Look at this, for example – another movie-worthy one. Velankanni is the main Christian… Read More Kedarnath Movie – An Inspirational Idea
Read through, what you will find is that, Edward Grey, without even notifying the Parliament, without even seeing all the doors of negotiation, dragged Britain into a war which it no way is concerned about. The members dissenting the view are literally irritated at the way things are progressing – the government is deliberately driving… Read More British Parliament over First World War – 3 Aug 1914
My Lords, you will have appreciated the comprehensive and able statement which has been made to-day on behalf of His Majesty’s Government, and will have particularly welcomed the fact that it has been made by the noble Earl, Lord Munster, who, after a period of active war service, has now returned to resume what was… Read More Herbert Samuel, British Parliament discussion on Section 93 of the Government of India Act, 06 April 1943
My Lords, in the position I hold as father of the Indian Army I would like to convey my most grateful thanks, and those I know of all my brother officers, to the noble Earl for what he has told us of conditions in the Indian Army. About that I had no doubt, because I… Read More William Birdwood, British Parliament discussion on Section 93 of the Government of India Act, 06 April 1943
The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for India and Burma, who had given Notice of six Motions continuing in force Proclamations issued under Section 93 of the Government of India Act, 1935, said: My Lords, I beg to move the first of the six Motions standing in my name. I am obliged to the noble Lord… Read More Geoffrey FitzClarence, British Parliament discussion on Section 93 of the Government of India Act, 06 April 1943
The town of Ghaznin is not the same as I saw it previously; what has happened that affairs have this year assumed a different complexion? I see the houses full of lamentation and clamour and crying: lamentation and clamour and crying which render the soul distressed. I see the streets full of agitation and all… Read More Farrukhi’s Elegy on Mahmud of Ghazna
Sugreeva mentions, in the description of lands in Ramayana, ततो हेममयं दिव्यं मुक्तामणिविभूषितम्। युक्तं कवाटं पाण्ड्यानां गता द्रक्ष्यथ वानराः।।4.41.19।। O Vanaras, leaving that river, you will find encrusted with pearls, the wonderful golden gate of the city of Pandyas. Alternately, this can be read as the Pandyans of Kavata, a name for their capital city.… Read More Pandya Kings in Raghuvamsam
The destruction of the Chalukya power under Pulakesi by Narasimhavarman resulted in a decade of chaos in the Chalukya territories, before Pulakesi’s son Vikramaditya I brought back stability. This immediately led to the shifting of allegiance of Telugu Chodas and Banas to Chalukyas. It is possible that Nolambas were governors appointed to a section of… Read More Nolambas – A Brief History
The Zorastrians consider Atash Behram, the fire created out of the below 16 sources as the supreme. The sparks are collected and the fire is consecrated after 11000 hours of ceremonies. The one which was brought into India by the fleeing Zorastrians is considered to one of the oldest Atash Behrams and for that matter,… Read More The 16 fires of Zorastrians
It looks like pre-Islamic India is a veritable treasure trove of every sort of information – with everyone visiting the country for knowledge, trade or whatever the reason. Kanheri Caves is a Buddhist Cave Complex near Mumbai which was active between 100 BC and 1000 AD or so. There are a few very interesting inscriptions… Read More Japanese and Pahlavi Kanheri Cave Inscriptions
Unlike as is commonly believed, traditional India had knowledge of gunpowder. The Mughals didn’t bring fire arms into India but it may have been that the knowledge is not that widespread enough to make a massive difference. The same is dealt in detail in “On the Weapons, Army Organization, and Political Maxims of Ancient India”… Read More The Art of Firearms – Sukraneeti
A few days before, I went to Arunachalam(Tiruvannamalai) without any plans. There are a few things which caught my eye. May be, these are some things which we need to look into, seriously? Well, I have got my usual complaint with the speed of Tamil Nadu buses – their snail pace. Chidambaram, some 225 distance… Read More A Trip to Arunachalam and Vellore – Some Thoughts for a Better India
I seriously don’t get this attitude. What is the reason for this visceral hatred for Maharaja Hari Singh and unconditional love for Sheik Abdullah? Who is Sheik Abdullah? He is no more than a just another who ruled the roads. He neither had presence in Prajamandal nor has he got an official role in negotiations.… Read More Gandhi on Communal Riots in the Kingdom of Jammu
The question of historicity of Aryan Invasion Theory is coming up too frequently and too many questions are being raised over the historicity of the theory. Below details are from a discussion I recently had over the same. So, where shall we start over this? Let me take up the discussion under the premise that… Read More A Few Thoughts Over Aryan Invasion Debate
The Muslim Conquest of South India led to untold horrors in the area. The bounceback of the Hindus was swift – it’s as if they were surprised at the Muslim attacks and their mode of operation. While the lines were being drawn in the North with Yadava Empire controlled by the Muslims, the Telangana part… Read More Madhura Vijayam – Vijayanagar Conquest of Madurai
Misinformation rules the day in this Kali Yuga. Whether it is for good or for bad, the point is, we are seeing misinformation is being spread day in and day out. To achieve what, god only knows. Now, look at this. Someone shared me reference to Prophet Muhammad in Atharva Veda. The main points mentioned… Read More Kunthap Sukta – Atharva Veda
An old man in my village once said, All which looks yellow is not gold Though it looks so in feel and touch Don’t learn the hard way it’s fool’s gold And he went on to tell a sad story, Story of a charlatan, a famous one – People believed in him fully with trust… Read More The Charlatan
Well, petrol rates are rising again and people are not going to be happy. There are demands for Central Government to roll back the prices. But, is the reality that simple? So, how is petrol price calculated, first of all? Cost of a barrel of petrol + Operational cost for OMCs + Distributor commission +… Read More High Petrol Rates – Who is More Responsible? State or Centre?
Two days ago, I was in Simhachalam. That was my second visit to the temple. Because it was a Saturday and Panchami, the rush was massive in the temple. We decided to have a Darshan through the 100 rupee Special Darshan. It was a very big mistake. It took almost half an hour for us… Read More Simhachalam Temple – Need for Course Correction
I am listening to a debate over Tirumala Temple row as I type this. The tone of the debate is sickening. On one side is a TTD official and on the other side, is Ramana Deekshitulu(the force-retired chief priest of Tirumala Temple). The sort of aggression is unwarranted unless something is seriously amiss. Everyone ganged… Read More Tirumala Temple Row – Need for Overhauling?
Karnataka elections turned much interesting than we anticipated. BJP, at on point, reached 121 seats majority while counting but, slowly, it slid back to 104 seats. This created some things unprecedented. Congress sensed an opportunity and declared that HD Kumaraswamy will be made the Chief Minister. They went to the Governor but they were not… Read More Karnataka Elections – Lost Deposits and Throne Games
I was looking at the electoral numbers for today’s Karnataka Election Results. One of the biggest chest thumping by any party is, we scored these many votes even if we won lesser seats. Why does this happen? Two reasons – 1. Less seats won, but with massive margins. 2. More votes as a loser. The… Read More Two Interesting Datasets from Karnataka Elections
I was searching this for a long time, but never seriously enough. Madala Panji is the name of the chronicle maintained by Puri Jagannatha Temple. It contained a list of kings who ruled Orissa from time immemorial. Only after you reach medieval age, there is a semblance of practicality in dates. While Yudhistira is considered… Read More Orissa King List from Madala Panji
India is a tricky country. With all it’s cultural contradictions, outrages and societal issues, India still works as a single cohesive entity. The vastness and diversity is just mindboggling. There are agendas and there are forced marriages. Some people want more than what they have, some people are happy with what they have. Sometimes, things… Read More Kathua – On the March from Humanity to Vulture Politics
There was a recent discussion with some friends which made me jog down memory lane, about a discussion I had with a Kashmiri Muslim at the peak of the stone pelting drama. For some surprising reason, I was very aggressive that day and the consequence was, our Kashmiri friend slunk away into his hole again.… Read More Delving into the Mind of a Safe and Secure Kashmiri who is Funding disturbances in Kashmir Valley
One day, I was travelling in a double decker bus and was seated in the front seat, just above the driver. There was a person sitting on the footpath with his dog. He suddenly sprinkled some grain before the bus. A pigeon flew towards the grain only to be crushed by the bus. I still… Read More Lingayat Religion – Is it worth it?
Two days before, the Central Cabinet passed the anti-Human Trafficking Bill aiming to curb human trafficking. A laudable effort. As I understand, this bill aims at punishing the offenders and rehabilitate the victims. It will cover everything – setting up of constitutional bodies, setting up of protection houses, punishment for the rule breakers. But, still,… Read More Anti-Human Trafficking Bill – Chinks in it’s Armour?
Number one Number one Number one State we are Number one Number one Number one State we are. Watch we all, how things go In those lands, less civilised Who else can, cultured we Number one State we are. Lest we watch our own state No wrong can take birth here Sense you not, call… Read More Left we are, Lynch we not – Nanda Kumar
Suddenly, I came across a tweet which says offices of JNU being held under siege by students, put in by a staff member of the University who is literaly pleading the students he is sick and needs assistance. We too protested, but wenever ensured that some’s life is at stake. Trawling through the comments, it… Read More JNU Mandatory Attendance Circular Protests – An Attempt to Find Sense in Them
As time passes and history of an event gets older, it is embellished with all sorts of exaggeration and sometimes, degenerates into a sort of pseudo-mythology. And if there is a reinvigorated effort to elevate him to a higher pedestal after the passing of centuries, it gets very hard to sift fact from fiction. One… Read More Karikala – Separating Fact from Myth
Barani writes, At Bhilsan ‘Alauddin had heard of the elephants and wealth of Deogir and enquired about the routes to that place. He had resolved to collect a large army at Karra for an attack on Deogir without informing the Sultan. Finding the Sultan more kind and affectionate than ever, he applied for some delay… Read More The Ramachandra we don’t know – Did Alauddin Khilji ever reach Devagiri?
Barani writes, “In the first expedition the Malik Naib Kafur Hazardinari was sent to Deogir with the amirs and maliks and the red canopy. Khwaja Haji, the Naib ‘Arz i Mumalik, was also sent with him to look after the administration of the army and the collection of elephants and treasures. No army had been… Read More Kakatiyas defeating Ala-ud-din Khilji – The Ramifications
Barani writes, “In the first expedition the Malik Naib Kafur Hazardinari was sent to Deogir with the amirs and maliks and the red canopy. Khwaja Haji, the Naib ‘Arz i Mumalik, was also sent with him to look after the administration of the army and the collection of elephants and treasures. No army had been… Read More Kakatiyas defeating Ala-ud-din Khilji – The Ramifications
It is surprising to see that, sometimes, at the points where multiple civilizations merge, there is a blackhole about which we literally know nothing. Take for example, Dandakaranya – Bastar area. We have Bahamani Sultanate on one side, Delhi Sultanate on the second and Kalinga on the third side. They fought with each other everywhere… Read More Muslim-Ladakh relations
There’s a crowd at the door where the floodlit posters proudly announce: “A human Drama.” There’s a crowd at the door and the King’s nickel horseman sweats in the pressure of my pain. On the square white screen in the darkened hall the Metro lion sleepily yawns. Suddenly a road and a forest appear, and… Read More Cinema – Nikola Vaptsarov
Dera Sacha Sauda is filthy rich, has massive political influence and has got a tremendous popular following. In spite of that, it is on the brink of collapse due to a scandal, a scandal which is not at all potent enough to topple an empire. And it’s not as if the charges are unique. Cardinal… Read More Ruler vs Governor – Dera Sacha Sauda’s Travails of the Day
History, will you mention us In your faded scroll? We worked in factories, offices – Our names were not well known. We worked in fields, smelled strongly Of onions and sour bread. Through thick moustaches angrily We coursed the life we led. Will you at least be grateful We fattened you with news, And slaked… Read More History – Nikola Vaptsarov
An ever relevant one. I sometimes fear that people think that fascism arrives in fancy dress worn by grotesques and monsters as played out in endless re-runs of the Nazis. Fascism arrives as your friend. It will restore your honour, make you feel proud, protect your house, give you a job, clean up the neighbourhood,… Read More Fascism: I sometimes fear… – Michael Rosen
I was looking at some old data to see if there is any correlation between gold prices and per capita income in India. There are two graphs which I made over this. The first is the increase in gold price and per capita income having the value for both in 1970 as 1. Both of… Read More Gold Prices in India – Did they ever Increase?
Sent by the Hungarian Embassy in Russia to Hungarian Foreign Ministry on 25 Nov 1967 at the peak of the Sino-Korean split, this is a superb read of the realpolitik. And it is still relevant today. The first thing to note is, the blame was thrown on Chinese while it was the Koreans who actually… Read More Soviet-Korean Relations – A Hungarian Viewpoint
History is a very interesting thing. Friends become foes in a jiffy and then, they break their heads to mend ways. And it will look more interesting if there are multiple viewpoints of this happening. Just have a look at the Cultural Revolution. This is something internal to China. But, Korea gets jittery. This escalates… Read More Sino-Korean Split – Multiple Viewpoints
Sir, this very simple motion of my honourable colleague has led some members of refer to almost all connected matters, not with this motion, but in regard to Kashmir, and so we have been led to think of this vast and intricate and difficult problem of Kashmir. It is a little difficult in this context… Read More Constituent Assembly Debates – State of Kashmir or Jammu and Kashmir – Nehru’s Diatribe
The Honourable Shri N. Gopalaswami Ayyangar: (Madras: General): Mr. President, Sir, I rise to move: “That after paragraph 4 of the Schedule to the Constituent Assembly Rules, the following paragraph be inserted, namely:- ‘4-A. Notwithstanding anything contained in paragraph 4, all the seats in the Assembly allotted to the State of Kashmir may be filled… Read More Constituent Assembly Debates – State of Kashmir or Jammu and Kashmir – The Debate
Seriously, I don’t get what Nehru thinks some times. Nehru’s attempts to replace the name of Jammu and Kashmir to Kashmir, even after knowing that Kashmir is a piece of real estate bought by the king of Jammu. And the way Sheik Abdullah was preferred – ashamed. He was made the leader because he ruled… Read More Constituent Assembly Debates – State of Kashmir or State of Jammu and Kashmir?
Well, whatever he is, and whatever his birth, he defeated an invasion and after that, his kingdom was split into fragments. He is either from Anegondi, from Chera Empire or a local ruler who was elected. Of his birth, he is a Hindu, Muslim or Buddhist, of his conversion, either he retired to a temple,… Read More Cheraman Perumal – Two European Versions
According to the Keralolpatti, Parasurama reclaimed from the sea the land between Gokarnam and Cape Comorin, and gave it to the Brahmins whom he brought from Abicchatra. He settled them io sixty-four villages. For their convenience and cumfort ho brought Sudras, whom he compelled to adopt the form of marriage known as Sambandham and the… Read More The Kerala Perumals and the Foundation of Calicut
As an actor, I am not sure, but as a human, I liked Saif. Not the word liked. But, well, as time progresses, I feel the hang of royalty is creeping in. Just have a look at this article. The arrogance, the sense of superiority…Is this what we encourage in the society? Sorry guys, these… Read More Heights of Nepotism?
There is absolutely no evidence to show that there was any hostility between the Tamils and the Nayars who succeeded them as the rulers of the laud. This latter community had originally no name. In the grants of the kings and chiefs they are referred to simply as the Three Hundred, the Six Hundred, the… Read More On the Origin of Nayars
Spring of mine, O spring of mine so white, as yet unlived, as yet unfeasted, alone in visions vague yet dreamt of, how low above the poplars do you skim, yet without pausing in your flight. Spring of mine, O spring of mine so white! I know you’ll come with rain and hurricanes, stormy and… Read More Spring – Nikola Vaptsarov
The dying days of Vijayanagar Empire was a saga of betrayals and superhuman struggles for survival till the complete empire except a few areas completely disappeared. It is interesting to note that Vijayanagar is one of the very few empires where literally everyone in the top are self made including the Emperors. Take the case… Read More The Matla Chiefs
In common with many other non-Aryan tribes on this Rice-beer frontier, e.g., the Nagas, &c., the Kacharis of Darrang habitually consume large quantities of what is usually known as rice-beer (Zu, Zau). It can hardly be said to be a beverage in daily use, for it is only prepared when specially wanted for immediate consumption.… Read More Kacharis – Rice-Beer Preparation
Once upon a time there lived a man and an old woman. And when they were quite old, the old woman said to her husband, “How shall these our children get food when we are gone?” So the old man travelled afar to the great god Kubera, the god of riches, and taking from him.… Read More Kachari Tradition – How the rivers were made
The Kachari often varies his diet by adding to it the proceeds of the chase and by fishing in the numerous shallow hill-streams in which his country abounds…In this, as in almost all else, the Kachari is clannish and gregarious in what he does; and regular hunting parties are duly organised to carry out the… Read More The Kachari Fishing
The usual Communist garbage – masses should rise, Bakanization and legitimizing the concept of Pakistan. This guy, Gangadhar Adhikari, fails to notice or rather, refuses to notice, India is a single nation state unlike Russia which is 10000 countries conquered by the Czars and goes on to apply Russian mode of revolution to India. A… Read More Adhikari Thesis – Pakistan and National Unity
It’s an interesting piece – telling the way of life in the kingdom they are going to go, and the demands of those who are sending them. Next day, Lengdon sent for Khunlung and Khunlai. They made preparation to come. They put on embroidered coats and cloths on their bodies. The messenger escorted them. They… Read More Ahom Myths – Preparing Khunlung and Khunlai for their Journey to Earth
Vultures vultures vultures everywhere, Waiting for the carcasses to feed upon We wait for an opportunity and gloat on it And then feast upon the bodies with glee Is it of a Hindu killed in a terror attack, Is it of a mercenary raiding our lands, Is it of an aggressive and noisy neighbor, Is… Read More Vulture Politics
Of all the tribes and kingdoms Ahoms captured in the formative days of the Empire, the Chutiya Empire fought the longest and hardest war, giving way after almost two centuries of fight. With the collapse of the central authority, people scattered in all directions – Dimapur, where the court retreated, Kachari Dwars on the Bhutan… Read More The Fragmentation of the Chutiya Empire
Another article. I have linked the previous article. This one from The Dreams of Tipu Sultan looks more complete. The reforms introduced by Tipu Sultan in the prevalent Muslim calendar consisted of the following: He reckoned the Muslim era not from the hijrat occurring in 622 but from the advent of Islam in 609 A.C.… Read More Tipu’s Calendar – The Mauladi Era
After Gagan Singh’s murder, the executions carried out ensured that Jang Bahadur Rana is literally the only person standing to be appointed the Mukhtiyar. He made himself the virtual ruler of Nepal and instead of the traditional policy of balancing Nepal against China, he decided to openly side the British. So, he starts this by… Read More Nepal-Tibet War of 1856 – Jang Bahadur Rana’s Greatest Glory
Perhaps I stabbed our Savior In His sacred helpless side. Yet I’ve called His name in blessing When in after times I died. Through the travail of the ages Midst the pomp and toil of war Have I fought and strove and perished Countless times upon this star. I have sinned and I have suffered… Read More Through A Glass Darkly – Gen George S Patton
Wahengbam Ibohal Singh, in History of Manipur tries to redate the Manipuri kings, a more rational effort as compared to the traditional account based on Cheitarol Kumbaba. The main points are below. Ibohal Singh bases his dates on the founding of Chandrabda – 789 AD and the fact that Imphal valley is populated no earlier… Read More Manipur Kings and Their Reigns
As one goes through a British report on Khasi and Jaintia Hills titled Report On The Administration Of The Cossyah And Jynteah Hill Territory, he will be surprised at the omnipresence of Henry Inglis in the area. This single episode gives a clear picture on why Robert Mugabe necked out all the Europeans from Zimbabwe.… Read More If System is Designed to Support an Individual – The Case of Henry Inglis
In one word, ASHAMED. My housemaid was asking today morning, why are they celebrating? Who won the match. And when she got to know that the celebrations are for India’s loss against Pakistan, she was very sad. In such a tense situation, first of all, India shouldn’t play the match. But it played. India being… Read More Fireworks for India’s Loss – Seriously?
On my arrival at Cherra Poonjee I found that violent dissensions were raging between Rajah Ram Sing, of Cherra Poonjee, and almost all the principal Sirdars of his district. The last Rajah, Soubah Sing, died on the 5th of June 1856, and Rajah Ram Sing, who is the eldest nephew of the deceased, represented to the… Read More Dissensions Regarding the Succession to the Cherra Raj – A typical British Report on a Tribal Kingdom
Adress: Senora Francesca Labore HUESCA Mother, Fernandéz is killed! Fernandéz is dead and buried Fernandéz lieas in the fields on the outskirts of Madrid. He was such a good man, tell me – why did they cut short his life? Through my Fernandéz has perished they shall still go out and fight. Mother, there is… Read More Letter – Nikola Vaptsarov
Then, when the land was overrun by the Mleccha hordes, his son Mihirakula of violent deeds, who was comparable to the god of destruction, became king. To the South belongs the god of Death; the northern direction, eager through rivalry to vanquish it, found an excuse and in him brought forth another god of death.… Read More Description of Mihirakula
Taken from Rajatarangini, the background of the story is thus. Meghavahana while in conquests, comes across a Sabara sacrificing a person. The king stops him and the Sabara says, to save his infant son, he needs to sacrifice this man to Chandika. The king offers himself in place of the victim. Below is what transpired… Read More Clash of Civilizations – The Discussion between Meghavahana, the King of Kashmir and a Sabara Chief
Well, I don’t know how a person can be such anti-nationalistic. Even though the king proposes to introduce a new script, this guy vehemently opposes it stating we will b shamed if we don’t imitate the great and venerable Chinese. Well, the story is not as plain as it looks. This guy, Choe Manri is… Read More Defining a Slave – Choe Manri’s Opposition to Hangul
Ceteus, the general of the soldiers who had come from India, was killed in the battle after fighting brilliantly, but he left two wives who had accompanied him in the army, one of them a bride, the other married to him some years before, but both of them loving him deeply. It is an ancient… Read More A Greek Account of Sati – Half Awe, Rest Half Garbage
In the beginning, there were no gods and men. The world was void and was surrounded by the water of the ocean. There was no air, no animals, no land, no rulers, no countries and no living being. Also, the sun, the moon and the stars did not exist. There was neither the earth nor… Read More Creation according to the Ahoms
These sort of books should not be hidden by the Defence Ministry. These books, where very serious study is made, in this case, over why Pakistan acted the day it acted and how it acted to launch a war are a must for detailed study of a subject. And probably, this is the closest we… Read More 1947 Kashmir Invasion by Pakistan – The Tightening of Stranglehold
The Zamorin’s empire at it’s zenith included the whole of the west coast from Kollam to Kollam, that is, from Pantalayini in the Kurumbranad Taluk of British Malabar to Quilon in the Travancore State. In the interior his sway extended as far as the Ghats. The main seaports are Putuppattanam or Turasseri, Pantalayini, Tikkoti, Kappat,… Read More The Zamorin Geography
When anyone ought to receive money from another merchant, there appearing any writing of the scribes of the king they observe this practice – Let us suppose the case that some one has to pay me twenty-five ducats, and the debtor promises to pay them many times and does not pay them; I, not being… Read More Collecting Debts – Calicut Style
Below is a synopsis of the plan of Operation Gulmarg which accidentally reached Major Kalkat at Mirali post two days before the D-day. And we didn’t act upon that. According to Operation Gulmarg plan, as described by Major Kalkat, every Pathan tribe was required to enlist at least one Lashkar of 1000 tribesmen. Separate instructions… Read More Operation Gulmarg – The Plan of Action
Whenever I think of Mamakam, I feel that India should revive it and should celebrate as a national festival with the government leading it. It’s not religious, it’s a show of strength of the ruler – the military processions, a public show of strength of the ruler, fireworks, navy excercises – all of them are… Read More Mamakam – The Festival
From remote times Tirunavayi seems to have been a very sacred place in Kerala. The river here is considered to assume a special sanctity, because it flows between the temple of Mahavishnn, installed by the Mavayogis, on its right bank and the temples of Brahma and Siva on its left. It was the traditional head-quarters… Read More Mamakam – The Right to hold the Festival
A coconut can fall and hit you on the head, And if it falls from high enough can kind of knock you dead. Dead beneath the coconut palms, that’s the life for me! And green jungle and white beaches and the blue South China Sea. That New York night at Café Lux when Cathy Hart… Read More Coconut – Frederick Seidel
In a society organised on the feudal model the sole burden upon land was service. Land-tax was unknown in Malabar before the Mysorean occupation. The sources from which the Zamorin derived his revenue were:— (1) Cherikkal lands or the royal estates. They were held in proprietory right, and it is from the proceeds of these… Read More The Taxes in Zamorin’s Calicut
What defines the confines of societal thinking? How fertile can the imagination of a culture can be? I will give one example – when Europeans brought to oxen a Pacific island, the natives, who never saw an ox, named it a pig with two large teeth on it’s forehead. I don’t remember this anecdote perfectly,… Read More The Modulation of Thought
I have not called this press conference to express my grief at AS Sandhu’s death. My feelings on this count are between his family and myself. What I have to say today is that we have already given up most of this country to criminals, to corrupt politicians, and to unscrupulous lobbyists who will work… Read More KPS Gill’s Press Statement over the Suicide of SSP AS Sandhu
I am very sad. This is the letter which Late KPS Gill wrote to the then Prime Minister, IK Gujral in response to the suicide of AS Sandhu, an SSP during the peak of Khalistani Movement, who committed suicide after a vicious witchhunt in the name of human rights. And whatever he raised in 1997,… Read More KPS Gill’s Letter to IK Gujral over the death of ex-SSP AS Sandhu
Akbar Khan was the formal point of contact whom the Government appointed to manage the Kashmir show, with instructions that it should be shown as a rebellion of the people against the government. Sourced from Operations in Jammu and Kashmir, these are the relevant bits of his interview to Defence Journal. The usual Pakistani bravado… Read More From the Horse’s Mouth – How Pakistan Engineered the 1947 ‘Kashmir Rebellion’
It’s surprising that an act of loot and pillage can be this clinically executed. Did it hurt their egos that a woman widow whom they decided as a non-entity turned against them? Or was it because the same widow gave a slip and bruised their egos even more? The detail with which the account was written and… Read More The Loot of Jhansi – Vishnubhat Godse, 1858
The history of Calicut is an interesting read. It is important to note that, Kerala being that insulated from outside influence, it’s rare to see an outsider invading it. This, shifts the complete story to Kerala proper – with kingdoms expanding and contracting as time went on. Let’s take the major power in the North… Read More The Portuguese and the Dutch – Military Heavyweights or All-round Jokers?
This debate over Major Gogoi, I am not at all happy. Is this what we patriotic Indians are supposed to indulge in? The most important thing we are missing in this is, those who are questioning the Major are angry that the Major hasn’t opened fire, killing at least 500. Had the 500 been killed,… Read More Major Gogoi Case – Why are we taking a back foot?
The priest who, with this, wishes that a Ksattriya should conquer in all the various ways of conquest, to subjugate all people, and that he should attain to leadership, precedence, and supremacy over all kings, and attain everywhere and at all times to universal sovereignty, enjoyment, independence, distinguished distinction as king, the fulfilment of the… Read More Initiation of Mahabhishekha Ceremony – The Oath
I bought this book because the previous book of the author, The Last Templar was a superb book. But, well, sifting the pages through, it looked as if the success of the previous book got into the author’s head. Plot is equally simple, the English, as usual, superb, the philosophical discourse worth reading multiple times.… Read More The Templar Salvation – Raymond Khoury
And we sing paeans for Jenner.. The inhabitants of Bengal knowing the usual time when the inoculating Bramins annually return, observe strictly the regimen enjoined, whether they determine to be inoculated or not; this preparation consists only in abstaining for a month from fish, milk and ghee, (a kind of butter made generally of buffalo’s… Read More Mr Howe’s Account of the East Indian Manner of Inoculation which gives a Sanction to the present Practice in England , 1767
There are a few important things when we look at Calicut – 1. The capital city was never taken 2. It has reduced two global colonial powers to mere jokes in it’s area of operations 3. Even till the last day, the king and his principal vassals are competent field commanders. 4. Calicut collapsed exhausted,… Read More Calicut – The Local Super Power about which we Know Nothing
SBI was supposed to file detention orders on Monday. Vijay Mallya escaped the country on Saturday and rejected all summons. ED & CBI raids are going on against Karthi Chidambaram. He scooted away out of the country while the raids were going on. These are but names. There are many such – some relative of… Read More Economic Offenders – What’s the Solution?
Well, there is only one thing common in both – the focus on jewellery. And the gifts. Even after seeing how richly decorated the Zamorin was, aren’t they ashamed of what they are planning to gift him? First visit On passing the last gate, the general and his attendants entered along with the noblemen into… Read More The Description of the Zamorin during the first two Portuguese Missions
All three are fit for their stature – the first and second, an indication of their social standards and the third, to their way of life. First Visit Four capotes or cloaks of Scarlet cloth, six hats, four branches of coral, twelve almasares, a box containing seven brass vessel, a chest of sugar, two barrels… Read More The Portuguese Gifts to the Zamorin – First Three Missions
What were you to me? Nothing. A land forgotten and remote, a land of knights and high plateaux. What were you to me? The hearth where blazed a strange and cruel love, a wild intoxicant of blood, of glinting blades and serenades, of passion, jealousy and psalms. Now you are my destiny, now I live… Read More Spain – Nikola Vaptsarov
Matsya Nyaya – A big fish swallows a smaller one. A bigger fish swallows the big fish. An even bigger fish swallows this bigger fish. This goes on till the biggest fish is the master of the lands. Well, this is how consolidation of empires happen but such a tiered structure is a bit hard… Read More A Classic Case of Matsya Nyaya – Calicut Wars
This should be, seriously, included in all text books. Again, and again, and again, they prove that they are nothing more than pirates and barbarians. And Aflonso Albuquerque, who succeeded Almeida in October, resolved to destroy Calicut itself. He had conceived this idea as early as 1503. But, then he had neither the means nor… Read More The First Land Attack of Portuguese in India
The Namakaranam and Annaprasanam of the children are performed in the sixth month after their birth. The Tampurattis are named Sridevi and Mahadevi and the Tampurans Manavikraman, Manaviyadan and Virarayan. Those who bear the sane name are distinguished by pet name; the Tampurattis aro called Anujatti, Kunhianujatti, and Jyeshtatti, and the Tampurans Ettan, Kunhettan, Kuttiettan,… Read More A Description of the Zamorin Family
It looks like the OBOR story is getting interesting by the day. It has already been proven that Shanghai to Dubai by sea is manifold cheaper than CPEC. And it also knows it’s day dreaming to expect Pakistan to pay back $5 billion dollars per year. So, what has China got in that? Why is… Read More OBOR & CPEC – What Should India do?
In some book I was reading, the author gave China an expiry date of 2040. I don’t know about it, but the reason which he gave was captivating. China is an export oriented economy. Wherever the raw materials are located and whereever the products are finished, they are sold primarily through sea. Because of this, the coast… Read More Chinese Dynastic Changes – Social or Political?
There are some important points which Castaneda wrote in his “The History of the Conquest of India”. Read through and this is the narrative which will be built. It is something like, after the violence in Africa, it is possible that the Zamorin got to know of the Portuguese and treated them nothing more than… Read More A dissection of Vasco da Gama’s visit to India – What’s the Reality?
When the King goes forth to amuse himself, or to perform his orisons before some idol, all the Nayres who are near by are summoned to accompany him and the Officers of the State and the Pagans; and the King comes forth in his litter borne by two men, which is lined with silken cushions… Read More A Royal Procession – Of the Zamorin by Duarte Barbarossa
What happened here is, someone claimed that he is the executed minister of the dead king, who had a soft corner in people’s hearts and seized the throne. Though the story is gripping and captivating, the reality is that no one knows who he is. Is he an opportune who launched himself seeing the empty… Read More The Story of Sandhimat – Rajatarangini
I haven’t read such an elaborate description of the accession of a king anywhere. Because of the level of intermixing of rituals, I had to carry forward a part of the information from the previous article. Due to the use of too much traditional jargon, the book is not that a great read, but the… Read More Change of Guard Part 2 – Accession of the New Zamorin
The funeral ceremonies are similar to those of the high class Nayars. The Attikkurissi directs them; the dead body is burnt and the Tampurans ‘bend under the branch’ as soon as they return from the cremation ground; on the 7th, 9th or 11th day after death, declared suspicious for the new Zamorin by the palace… Read More Change of Guard Part 1 – Death Ceremonies of the Zamorin
Varahamihira in Brihatsamhita writes, And Kalhana builds upon this. Going by the traditional Saka Era starting in 78 AD, we are seeing a difference of around 700 years between the current Saka Era and the Saka era mentioned by Varahamihira. Saka Era represents the victory of Indians over Western Kshatraps or in simpler terms, Western… Read More Varahamihira’s Saka Era – Is it 78 AD?
Maulana Hasrat Mohani: The first thing is about the Objectives Resolution I have got a verified copy of this thing together with the two speeches delivered by Pandit Nehru at the time of the passing of the Objectives Resolution. It is this : The Constituent Assembly declares its firm and solemn resolve to proclaim India… Read More So, there were Nehru baiters from Day One – Maulana Hasrat Mohani in the Constituent Assembly on 18 Sep 1949
This speech, from Telangana Assembly, 9 Mar 1953, is a hard hitting one and this is exactly the sort of questions which should be posed. Surely, this would have made some minister cringe there.
This is the beauty of Sanskrit literature. There are instances of a story written in 25000 slokas and there are instances were the same story was told in one sloka. Below three are a single sloka recitations of Ramayana, Mahabharata and Bhagavata. I am not sure who wrote them, but the case is that all… Read More The Definition of Brevity – Scriptures in a Single Sloka
Probably, this is the best and most famous piece over vegetarian terrorism. Douglas Adams wrote it in Restaurant at the End of the Universe and in this, a bovine approaches a table in a restaurant and lists out the culinary features of various parts of it’s body. I would rather say, not for non vegetarians. A… Read More A Bovine making a case of it for slaughter – Douglas Adams
Though analysing a movie this much seems a bit out of the nature, the reality is that what transpired in Bahubali is how kingdoms are made and unmade. Take the case of the senior – Amarendra Bahubali. His father was made the king in preference over his elder brother, Bijjaladeva, who is physically handicapped. But,… Read More Bahubali – Morally Correct and Politically Correct – Which should take Precedence?
The question is, if Supreme Court asks for impeachment, will the Parliament heed. AG Mukul Rohatgi: (Pointing to Karnan) The Contemnor is here Justice Karnan: (Lists a number of cases and complaints against several other judges he made) says “Instead action is being taken against me CJI Khehar: So it means that ..we take it that you stand… Read More Justice Karnan’s Contempt Proceedings – The discussion in Supreme Court
What garbage is this? There are no non-Hindu elements in the movie and is outrageously Hindu in character, characters coming out of an Amar Chitra Katha comic, hero always better than heroine, support for Jallikattu and finally, a verdict that the movie is a box office flop, the verdict, broken as the article was being written… Read More If Brain is a Dustbin – A Review of Bahubali 2
Well, he didn’t know about the true colours of Jaipur…It is the only Rajputana kingdom which never rebelled against the Muslims and voluntarily surrendered whenever there is a change in gaurd. Written c. November 1682. [After five long sentences of traditional eulogy] Shri Shambhu Raja craves your friendship and after enquiring about your welfare communicates… Read More Shambhaji’s Letter to Ram Singh of Amber asking him to rebel
Shri Brajeshwar Prasad : (Bihar: General) : Mr. President, Sir, there are six amendments standing in my name. I would like to move only one, amendment No. 192, List V, Eighth week. Sir, I move: “That in amendment No. 130 of List IV (Eighth Week), for the proposed clause (1) of article 1, the following… Read More An interesting debate over the wordplay – Constituent Assembly
The reference to a submerged southern land from which the Tamils migrated came from two books – Iraiyanar Akapporul and Silappathikaram. Silappathikaram talks about the submerged land mass Kumari while Iraiyanar Akapporul talks about the poetic gatherings which happened there, called Sangams albeit much exaggeratedly. Things would have stayed rational had the continent of Lemuria… Read More Tamil Sangams and Kumari Kandam – What’s the veracity?
I have seen a life hard and rough I have seen a life dull and drab Though I had a life not too long I have seen all life can show to one I was marked by fate and my deeds Both good and evil, both slow and fast I was a speck in the… Read More Good Bye!!
By 5th April, most people had packed their woolens. The sun shone brightly, and the air in Srinagar had a nip, with a hint of pine. I tucked myself in for a well-deserved sleep. The last 24-hours had been hectic and my body is not what it used to be. I crave rest, and a… Read More THE IRON IN OUR SOUL – Major Gaurav Arya
I was doing a level of analysis over consistent market performers from 2008. Below are the criteria which I considered. 1. 300% returns over the whole time period 2. 12% returns in the last one year The returns expected are very modest, but will beat the FD rates in India. I got a total of… Read More Indian Share Market for a Long Term Investor – An Analysis
Though I have written about this many times, it was more of an incoherent set of comments in response to something else. Every country has got it’s own philosophy of governance. An older civilization which has stood the test of time and which has been ruled always in the same way for ages is not… Read More Natural State of Things – China, India and the World
A beautiful piece of poetry with which Kalhana ends the First Taranga. Yudhistira lost interest in governance and covered himself with sycophants. Irritated, a coup was launched against him and he was exiled. Below verses describe his exile. Then permitted by them to leave his own country, after the fight had been called off and time… Read More The Exile of Yudhistira – Rajatarangini
First, look at the below data. The area where this stone pelting drama is happening is just five districts of Kashmir Valley. That area is 8.9% of Jammu and Kashmir excluding Aksai Chin and Illegal Kashmir and 25.54% of population. Compare with India, it’s .29% of area and .26% of population. So, what exactly are… Read More The Kashmir Drama – Much Ado About Nothing?
This story is clearly presented as a moral. It talks about what happens when a king forgets his duty in lust for a woman and what happens if, in a sudden spurt of anger, the protector forgets his duty. And note that curious statement – they were not spared even if they have took refuge… Read More The Legend of Chandralekha
Seriously? Are these are the questions being raised in a State Assembly? A sampling below (Telangana Assembly, 9 Mar 1953) – *32 (148) Shri Srihari (Kinwat): Will the hon. Minister for Public Works be pleased to state: (a) “Whether it is a fact that no water tap is provided in the Inspection Bungalow at Adilabad, in… Read More Some ‘Interesting’ Legislative Assembly Debates
Well, below is a list of the Grand Masters of Knights Templar. Going by the look of it, they are predominantly a French sect, with a French becoming the Grand Master almost always(Of the 22, 18 are French and 1 is from Burgundy). May be, the others became because they were very powerful or came… Read More Knights Templar – Too much French was their undoing?
A nice one – a frustrated outrage by someone in Hyderabad assembly on 9th March 1953. But, seriously, you need to read the Telugu stuff. The speech of Rajpramukh is something like people in villages nodding their heads in agreement for his speech without knowing anything. When a debate is to happen, they said, they… Read More Language Debate – Telangana Style
A Swarajya Magazine article over India’s Cold Start Doctrine used a very important statement. In three wars with Pakistan, India’s defence forces experienced the frustration of seeing the political leadership surrender on the negotiating table what the soldiers had won on the battlefield. And another, Dr Subhash Kapila writes, The long mobilisation time gives the… Read More Kulbhushan Yadav Issue – Deciphering the Pakistani Brain
Coming from the pen of Nehru, I seriously don’t have any words to say. Come on, Nehru is a Kashmiri Pandit, not a European who is looking at a translation of a Sanskrit book demeaningly. Well, those are my thoughts, wonder what’s yours’ are… Nearly four years ago, when we were both together in Naini… Read More Rajatarangini – Introduction to Ranjit Pandit’s Translation
In the onslaught of the Arab armies, Persian Empire collapsed. What do you mean by collapse? Defeat of field armies and their destruction, civilian areas open for Arabs to occupy. All this is fine. What happens to the armies? Either they surrender or they are annihilated. Surrender can be absolute, but annihilation? Is it possible?… Read More The Retreat of the Persians – the Need for Better Research
It’s a small fort, a petty bickering between two local Zamindars. But, the valour of the defendants made it legendary. While Orme said four ordinary soldiers, legend says the stabbing work was done by Tandra Papa Rayudu, the brother-in-law of Ranga Rao and his commander of chief, who was based at Rajam. The soldiers of Vijaya Rama… Read More The Battle of Bobbili – A British Account
Being just a visitor to Andhra for more than ten years, I am completely cut off from what is happening there. And with no knowledge of Tamil, these long years in Tamil Nadu didn’t make me get interested in Tamil politics. So, whatever is left for me is central politics. In spite of such a level… Read More Project Kakatiya – KCR’s Grand Scheme of Things