Pithapuram Inscription of Velanati Choda Prithviswara

It is surprising to see that the inscription issued in Saka 1108 is nothing more than a mass of names and no achievements. What does this mean? The Velanati Chodas didn’t achieve anything or by the time of Prithviswara, everything is forgotten? That he is ruling from Pithapuram and not Tsandavole itself is an indication… Read More Pithapuram Inscription of Velanati Choda Prithviswara

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Pandya Kings in Raghuvamsam

Sugreeva mentions, in the description of lands in Ramayana, ततो हेममयं दिव्यं मुक्तामणिविभूषितम्। युक्तं कवाटं पाण्ड्यानां गता द्रक्ष्यथ वानराः।।4.41.19।। O Vanaras, leaving that river, you will find encrusted with pearls, the wonderful golden gate of the city of Pandyas. Alternately, this can be read as the Pandyans of Kavata, a name for their capital city.… Read More Pandya Kings in Raghuvamsam

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Ahom Myths – Preparing Khunlung and Khunlai for their Journey to Earth

It’s an interesting piece – telling the way of life in the kingdom they are going to go, and the demands of those who are sending them. Next day, Lengdon sent for Khunlung and Khunlai. They made preparation to come. They put on embroidered coats and cloths on their bodies. The messenger escorted them. They… Read More Ahom Myths – Preparing Khunlung and Khunlai for their Journey to Earth

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Calicut – The Local Super Power about which we Know Nothing

There are a few important things when we look at Calicut – 1. The capital city was never taken 2. It has reduced two global colonial powers to mere jokes in it’s area of operations 3. Even till the last day, the king and his principal vassals are competent field commanders. 4. Calicut collapsed exhausted,… Read More Calicut – The Local Super Power about which we Know Nothing

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A Description of the Zamorin Family

The Namakaranam and Annaprasanam of the children are performed in the sixth month after their birth. The Tampurattis are named Sridevi and Mahadevi and the Tampurans Manavikraman, Manaviyadan and Virarayan. Those who bear the sane name are distinguished by pet name; the Tampurattis aro called Anujatti, Kunhianujatti, and Jyeshtatti, and the Tampurans Ettan, Kunhettan, Kuttiettan,… Read More A Description of the Zamorin Family

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Change of Guard Part 1 – Death Ceremonies of the Zamorin

The funeral ceremonies are similar to those of the high class Nayars. The Attikkurissi directs them; the dead body is burnt and the Tampurans ‘bend under the branch’ as soon as they return from the cremation ground; on the 7th, 9th or 11th day after death, declared suspicious for the new Zamorin by the palace… Read More Change of Guard Part 1 – Death Ceremonies of the Zamorin

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Shambhaji’s Letter to Ram Singh of Amber asking him to rebel

Well, he didn’t know about the true colours of Jaipur…It is the only Rajputana kingdom which never rebelled against the Muslims and voluntarily surrendered whenever there is a change in gaurd. Written c. November 1682. [After five long sentences of traditional eulogy] Shri Shambhu Raja craves your friendship and after enquiring about your welfare communicates… Read More Shambhaji’s Letter to Ram Singh of Amber asking him to rebel

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Battle of Dharmat – History of Aurangzeb – How much can we rely on that?

If Jadunath Sarkar is one of the best we have got and if this book is his magnum opus, I am not happy. Read the narrative, it looks as if Aurangzeb won the war against Maharaja Jaswant Singh solely because of Jaswant Singh’s incompetence and nothing else. In contradiction to what is presented by Sarkar,… Read More Battle of Dharmat – History of Aurangzeb – How much can we rely on that?

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Battle of Dharmat – History of Aurangzeb – Jadunath Sarkar

What sort of garbage is this? This looks more like a floral piece of fiction than an account in a book of history by an erudite scholar. The complete section hinges on only one part – the incompetence of Maharaja Jaswant Singh, which looks completely unfair. The highlighted parts solely assert that part. Reaching Ujjain… Read More Battle of Dharmat – History of Aurangzeb – Jadunath Sarkar

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Ghazni – Is he a Champion of Islam or is he a Just Another Conquer?

Below is what Tarikh-i-Sultan Mahmud-i-Ghaznavi(I don’t know it’s antecedents) says over Mahmud of Ghazni. 1. The father of the King was the Amir Sabaktagin, and his mother was the daughter of a noble of Zabalistan, for this reason he is (sometimes) called ‘Zabali,” 2. Another time the Sultan again sent him a letter, and wrote… Read More Ghazni – Is he a Champion of Islam or is he a Just Another Conquer?

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Treaty of Amritsar(1846) – Treaty or Sale Deed?

Always, I get confused with this treaty. Article 1 says transfer of ownership of property, Article 3 says the cost of transfer, Article 4 states that Gulab Singh can’t encroach and Article 5, Britain will be the arbitrator in any disputes. Article 10 establishes the British legitimacy over Article 5. These articles clearly point to a… Read More Treaty of Amritsar(1846) – Treaty or Sale Deed?

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Satavahana Ruler List – Matsya Purana

If you know what to look and where to look, Indian scriptures give you tremendous information. Take for example, the list of Satavahana Emperors. Matsya Purana, in Chapter 273 gives a clear picture of the list of the rulers. And note, somewhere in the middle, there are these slokas which place them relatively – महापद्माभिषेकात्तु यावज्जन्मपरीक्षितः।… Read More Satavahana Ruler List – Matsya Purana

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Nasik Prasasti of Gautami Balasri

Nasik Inscription of Gautami Balasri, the mother of Gautamiputra(obvious, right?) Satakarni) is such a famous inscription, known by it’s famous name Nasik Prasasti is one of the most important ones over Satavahana history. Well, everyone knows the name and none knows what it contains, especially in these days of euphoria of the Telugu movie over the… Read More Nasik Prasasti of Gautami Balasri

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Indo-Bangla Border and it’s Enclaves – A Curio and a Nightmare

It’s not just the southern part of Bangladesh which is tough to draw because of those many islands. The northern part, especially in Rangpur division was even tougher since there are around 200 stand alone bits scattered in India and Bangladesh, these bits ranging in size from 25 sq km to a few square metres, creating… Read More Indo-Bangla Border and it’s Enclaves – A Curio and a Nightmare

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Tiruvalangadu Copper Plates – A Floral Origin of the Cholas and References to the End of Pallavas

Discovered in 1905, these plates are one of the best indicators of how the Pallava Empire ended. Well, like any other kings, they linked themselves to one of the main dynasties of Puranic India. In their case, it’s the Ikshvakus – Chola is the son of Dushyanta. A few names, and then a break after… Read More Tiruvalangadu Copper Plates – A Floral Origin of the Cholas and References to the End of Pallavas

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Asmaka – Mahajanapada or Mahajanapadas or Namesakes?

Below is in full, the chapter on Asmakas from Ancient Indian Tribes by Bimla Churn Law(what the hell is his actual spelling?). This piece of writing gives us the maximum information over Asmakas. The Asmakas or Assakas formed one of the Ksatriya tribes of ancient India. They are not mentioned in the Vedic literature, but… Read More Asmaka – Mahajanapada or Mahajanapadas or Namesakes?

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Annexation of Hyderabad – The Drama in British Parliament

14 September 1948 The Marquess of Salisbury Before I come to that, however, there is one matter which I cannot allow to pass without comment, and that is the recent deplorable happenings in Hyderabad. Your Lordships will have read the news of the invasion of that State with a sense of severe shock. The Nizam… Read More Annexation of Hyderabad – The Drama in British Parliament

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The Misfortune of Vijayanagar

I seriously don’t remember where I plucked it from… The capital of Vijaynagar appears to have been established on 18 April 1336, equivalent to Salivahana Saka 1127 Prabhava Chaitra Pournami, Sthiravaram Ratri (night) where all activities of Sankalpa were completed and the foundation stone was laid in Bahula Paksha Amavasya at Midnight.This is confirmed by… Read More The Misfortune of Vijayanagar

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Satara Jagirs

Restricting the discussion to the Maratha Empire based in Satara(the other two being Kolhapur and Tanjore), Satara Darbar directly controlled only five states besides the Peshwa. The whole of Maratha Empire, including the heavyweights like the Sindhia, Gaekwad, Holkar and the rest reported to the Peshwa, who in turn, reported to the Chatrapati at Satara.… Read More Satara Jagirs

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The Day Portuguese got a Bloody Nose from Vijayanagar

A privateer Thimmayya, in the employ of Vijayanagar to disrupt the Muslim shipping was attacked by the Portuguese under Estevao da Gama once and the port of Honavar was burnt. Emperor Vira Narasimha, sensing their use in destroying Muslim shipping, in October 1505, he deputed Thimayya along with the Gersoppa chief, Malhar Rao to open… Read More The Day Portuguese got a Bloody Nose from Vijayanagar

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The End of Pallavas

The actual decline of the Pallavas started during the long reign of Dantivarman with a belligerent Pandyans encroaching from the south. In this chaos, Vijayalaya a feudatory of the Pallavas of the erstwhile Chola lineage defeated Muthurayars, a Pandyan feudatory based in the area around Thanjavur and occupied their areas around 850 AD. The final… Read More The End of Pallavas

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The Patwardhan Chaos – The Rulers of Miraj, Sangli, Kurundwad and Jamkhandi

One of the most complicated ruling dynasties in India is that of the Patwardhan Saranjam. Three brothers who were prominent military commanders were given lands between Kolhapur and Mysore and were given a free hand to expand and hold the both the kingdoms in check. Their traditional area of operation is the land between Krishna… Read More The Patwardhan Chaos – The Rulers of Miraj, Sangli, Kurundwad and Jamkhandi

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Three Battles which broke the back of Hindu India in a decade

The last major Hindu resistance to the Muslim rule in India was the Battle of Khanwa in 1527 when the Rajput resistance was broken. The next wave actually came in the region of 1555-1570 where Hindu kingdoms faced serious tribulations. The consequence of these wars was that Hindu India is now restricted to Rajasthan, lands… Read More Three Battles which broke the back of Hindu India in a decade

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The Kabul Shahis

This is the other kingdom which stopped Islam and was the main flag bearer after the fall of Zabul. Only after Kabul was crushed by Mahmud of Ghazni, Islam was able to enter India proper. There is no mention of these rulers in the pages of Indian history and unless the governments sit in some… Read More The Kabul Shahis

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The Last Major Hindu Independent State is Crushed – The execution of Ramaraya at Talikota

Finally, the Sultans frustrated by Ramaraya’s politics, ganged up against him and defeated him at Talikota. A depth of commitment to Islam/a depth of motivation to throw off the Vijayanagar yoke simply led to the battle which spelled the death knell for the unity of Vijayanagar, which finally became a non entity due to the… Read More The Last Major Hindu Independent State is Crushed – The execution of Ramaraya at Talikota

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A contemporary on Kalinga Invasion of Vijayanagar on getting news about the demise of Sri Krishna Deva Raya – A nice victor’s rant

After Krishna Raya’s death, using the confusion, the Gajapati invaded Vijayanagara Empire. An angry Allasani Peddana composed his extempore, hearing which it is said that, an ashamed Gajapati retreated. సీ.రాయరావుతుగండరాచయేనుగువచ్చి యారట్లకోట గోరాడునాడు సంపెటనరపాలసార్వభౌముడు వచ్చి సింహాద్రి జయశిల జేర్చునాడు సెలగోలుసింహంబు చేరి ధిక్కృతి గంచు తల్పుల గరుల డీకొల్పునాడు ఘనతరనిర్భరగండపెండెర మిచ్చి కూతు రాయలకును గూర్చునాడు నొడ లెఱుంగవొ చచ్చితో యుర్వి లేవొ చేరజాలక… Read More A contemporary on Kalinga Invasion of Vijayanagar on getting news about the demise of Sri Krishna Deva Raya – A nice victor’s rant

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Partition of India – Who has got a claim for Independence?

K M Munshi, in his book End of an Era presented a very interesting case. Even if the British told that the Princeley States can lapse to independence once they left, who have got the moral standing to pitch for independence? And actually, only a handful of states tried to exercise that option – Hyderabad, Sikkim,… Read More Partition of India – Who has got a claim for Independence?

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Progeny of the Mughals – A Marker of Stability of India

We can say Mughal Empire consists of five distinct phases – 1. Pre Sher Shah Suri 2. Great Mughals – Consolidation 3. Great Mughals – Period of Stability 4. Later Mughals – Period of Anarchy 5. Later Mughals – Period of Stability The above phases are clearly visible from the number of marriages and children… Read More Progeny of the Mughals – A Marker of Stability of India

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