Cause and Effect – Indian Politics 1900-1930

1900-1930 was a very interesting timeframe in Indian history – it saw the permanent rift between Hindus and Muslims as political forces, and rise of alternate forces based on anti-Brahminism. It is interesting to note, the sequence of events happened in a reactionary way with huge implications even today. Also worth noting is the fact… Read More Cause and Effect – Indian Politics 1900-1930

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Herbert Samuel, British Parliament discussion on Section 93 of the Government of India Act, 06 April 1943

My Lords, you will have appreciated the comprehensive and able statement which has been made to-day on behalf of His Majesty’s Government, and will have particularly welcomed the fact that it has been made by the noble Earl, Lord Munster, who, after a period of active war service, has now returned to resume what was… Read More Herbert Samuel, British Parliament discussion on Section 93 of the Government of India Act, 06 April 1943

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William Birdwood, British Parliament discussion on Section 93 of the Government of India Act, 06 April 1943

My Lords, in the position I hold as father of the Indian Army I would like to convey my most grateful thanks, and those I know of all my brother officers, to the noble Earl for what he has told us of conditions in the Indian Army. About that I had no doubt, because I… Read More William Birdwood, British Parliament discussion on Section 93 of the Government of India Act, 06 April 1943

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Geoffrey FitzClarence, British Parliament discussion on Section 93 of the Government of India Act, 06 April 1943

The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for India and Burma, who had given Notice of six Motions continuing in force Proclamations issued under Section 93 of the Government of India Act, 1935, said: My Lords, I beg to move the first of the six Motions standing in my name. I am obliged to the noble Lord… Read More Geoffrey FitzClarence, British Parliament discussion on Section 93 of the Government of India Act, 06 April 1943

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Adhikari Thesis – Pakistan and National Unity

The usual Communist garbage – masses should rise, Bakanization and legitimizing the concept of Pakistan. This guy, Gangadhar Adhikari, fails to notice or rather, refuses to notice, India is a single nation state unlike Russia which is 10000 countries conquered by the Czars and goes on to apply Russian mode of revolution to India. A… Read More Adhikari Thesis – Pakistan and National Unity

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Nepal-Tibet War of 1856 – Jang Bahadur Rana’s Greatest Glory

After Gagan Singh’s murder, the executions carried out ensured that Jang Bahadur Rana is literally the only person standing to be appointed the Mukhtiyar. He made himself the virtual ruler of Nepal and instead of the traditional policy of balancing Nepal against China, he decided to openly side the British. So, he starts this by… Read More Nepal-Tibet War of 1856 – Jang Bahadur Rana’s Greatest Glory

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If System is Designed to Support an Individual – The Case of Henry Inglis

As one goes through a British report on Khasi and Jaintia Hills titled Report On The Administration Of The Cossyah And Jynteah Hill Territory, he will be surprised at the omnipresence of Henry Inglis in the area. This single episode gives a clear picture on why Robert Mugabe necked out all the Europeans from Zimbabwe.… Read More If System is Designed to Support an Individual – The Case of Henry Inglis

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Dissensions Regarding the Succession to the Cherra Raj – A typical British Report on a Tribal Kingdom

On my arrival at Cherra Poonjee I found that violent dissensions were raging between Rajah Ram Sing, of Cherra Poonjee, and almost all the principal Sirdars of his district. The last Rajah, Soubah Sing, died on the 5th of June 1856, and Rajah Ram Sing, who is the eldest nephew of the deceased, represented to the… Read More Dissensions Regarding the Succession to the Cherra Raj – A typical British Report on a Tribal Kingdom

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From the Horse’s Mouth – How Pakistan Engineered the 1947 ‘Kashmir Rebellion’

Akbar Khan was the formal point of contact whom the Government appointed to manage the Kashmir show, with instructions that it should be shown as a rebellion of the people against the government. Sourced from Operations in Jammu and Kashmir, these are the relevant bits of his interview to Defence Journal. The usual Pakistani bravado… Read More From the Horse’s Mouth – How Pakistan Engineered the 1947 ‘Kashmir Rebellion’

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Treaty of Amritsar(1846) – Treaty or Sale Deed?

Always, I get confused with this treaty. Article 1 says transfer of ownership of property, Article 3 says the cost of transfer, Article 4 states that Gulab Singh can’t encroach and Article 5, Britain will be the arbitrator in any disputes. Article 10 establishes the British legitimacy over Article 5. These articles clearly point to a… Read More Treaty of Amritsar(1846) – Treaty or Sale Deed?

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Nepal in 1857 Indian War of Independence – What is the Truth?

What do we read in our textbooks regarding Nepal’s role in 1857 Indian War of Independence? That Nepal voluntarily supported the British and helped crush the opposition. I will present you a statement from the quasi-official version of the East India Company and  two more from two different books, poles apart, but which were written contemporareous to 1857 Indian… Read More Nepal in 1857 Indian War of Independence – What is the Truth?

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Operation Polo – Did the Hyderabadi Army fight the War?

Sometimes, history is that obfuscated that you need to knit it from multiple sources. This can happene even in the case of modern history where, in some areas, considerable effort is spent to obfuscate information. This generally happens as a consequence of a change of government – Britain leaving India because of which they burnt many… Read More Operation Polo – Did the Hyderabadi Army fight the War?

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Jung-e-Azadi – Maqdoom Mohiuddin

Finally…after a search for years. Maqdoom’s iconic battle cry against the Razakar Movement in Hyderabad. Ye jung hai jung-e-azadi, azadi ke parcham ke tale Hum Hind ke rehne vaalonki, mehkoomonki, majbooronki, Azadi ke matwaalonki, Dehkaanonki, majdooronki Saara sansaar hamara hai Purab paschim uttar dakhkhin Hum Afrangi, Hum Amreeki Hum Cheeni java jaane watan Hum surkh sipahi… Read More Jung-e-Azadi – Maqdoom Mohiuddin

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Patel’s Speech on Princely State Integration – 12 Oct 1949

Gandhis and Nehrus are our freedom fighters, no one remembers those Hamidullah Khans and Jayachamaraja Wodeyars who sacrificed everything when promised something, that something far less than their sacrifices and even then, the promises stood reneged. Well, why did we cheat them, then? It’s not as if the money is huge. It is slightly less thanthe… Read More Patel’s Speech on Princely State Integration – 12 Oct 1949

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Indo-Bangla Border and it’s Enclaves – A Curio and a Nightmare

It’s not just the southern part of Bangladesh which is tough to draw because of those many islands. The northern part, especially in Rangpur division was even tougher since there are around 200 stand alone bits scattered in India and Bangladesh, these bits ranging in size from 25 sq km to a few square metres, creating… Read More Indo-Bangla Border and it’s Enclaves – A Curio and a Nightmare

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Forced War I – Incompetence in East Africa

Well, someone gets a thought and the British decide to annex German East Africa comprising of the current Rwanda, Burundi and Tanzania. With a German force of 3000 German of which only 1200 are active soldiers supported by 11000 African(wholly Askari?), it should have been a cakewalk for the British to take down the colony. The German… Read More Forced War I – Incompetence in East Africa

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The 72 Polygars of Madurai

Viswanatha Nayaka, for whatever reasons, divided his kingdom into 72 Palem(district)s, each headed by a Palegadu/Palayagadu/Polygar. Lifting directly from the Kakatiya administration(either they themselves are Kakatiya Nayak descendants or had someone close to them like the Sri Kalahasti-Chengalpattu-Vandavasi Velama Nayaks who are descended from Kakatiya Nayaks. After all, he is from the Vijayanagar Court and… Read More The 72 Polygars of Madurai

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The formal investigation report of Japanese Government handed over to India over Bose’s death

The formal investigation report of Japanese Government handed over to India over Bose’s death in 1956, buried under the orders of Indian Government. This finally saw light and says Bose died in Taiwan. Well, this is the official version, meaning, it is either correct or the formal front for the disappearance. Sources: http://www.bosefiles.info/#!WORLD-EXCLUSIVE-SCAN-OF-ACTUAL-JAPANESE-GOVT-INVESTIGATION-REPORT/cjds/57c76a994730e9b961c67148

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The Curtain Falls – Hyderabad Discussion in British Parliament – 24 Sep 1948

LORD VANSITTART The noble Viscount, Lord Cecil of Chelwood, has asked to-day, and urgently asked—I thank him for that word—for an efficient international machine to prevent aggression. Amen to that! I only wish that that could be fulfilled. But for that major purpose we must recognise that the United Nations are dead. They have been… Read More The Curtain Falls – Hyderabad Discussion in British Parliament – 24 Sep 1948

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Annexation of Hyderabad – The Drama in British Parliament

14 September 1948 The Marquess of Salisbury Before I come to that, however, there is one matter which I cannot allow to pass without comment, and that is the recent deplorable happenings in Hyderabad. Your Lordships will have read the news of the invasion of that State with a sense of severe shock. The Nizam… Read More Annexation of Hyderabad – The Drama in British Parliament

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HYDERABAD: Silver Jubilee Durbar – Time Magazine 22 Feb 1937

India has no native state so rich, potent and extensive as Hyderabad which is about the size of the United Kingdom and there last week the Royal Family of the Asatia Dynasty celebrated the Silver Jubilee of “The Richest Man in the World,” Lieut. General His Exalted Highness Sir Mir Osman Ali Khan, the Nizam… Read More HYDERABAD: Silver Jubilee Durbar – Time Magazine 22 Feb 1937

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The Late Indian War: An Irish Broadside Ballad Composed by a Soldier of HM 54th Regiment

This combines the 1841 Afghan War, 1857 Revolt and the regiment’s travails at sea. Come gather round you Irishmen, till I relate this tale;‘Twill your hearts fill with grief and make your cheeks grow pale.Till I mourn the death of those boys, that brave and gallant band,Whose bones lie bleached upon India ‘s distant landFor… Read More The Late Indian War: An Irish Broadside Ballad Composed by a Soldier of HM 54th Regiment

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The Rant of an Imperialist – Our Duty in India – Winston Churchill – Royal Albert Hall, Mar 18 1931

I think it hard that the burden of holding and organising this immense meeting should be thrown upon the Indian Empire Society. One would have thought that if there was one cause in the world which the Conservative party would have hastened to defend, it would be the cause of the British Empire in India.… Read More The Rant of an Imperialist – Our Duty in India – Winston Churchill – Royal Albert Hall, Mar 18 1931

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The Pangs of Partition – Jammu Theatre

The decision to divide India on religious grounds into two political entities and incompetent handling of the migration led to one of the largest ethnic cleansings in the world history. On 2nd March 1947, the collapse of Khizr Hayat Tiwana government led to large scale protests which rapidly escalatated into communal riots, starting from Lahore… Read More The Pangs of Partition – Jammu Theatre

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Satara Jagirs

Restricting the discussion to the Maratha Empire based in Satara(the other two being Kolhapur and Tanjore), Satara Darbar directly controlled only five states besides the Peshwa. The whole of Maratha Empire, including the heavyweights like the Sindhia, Gaekwad, Holkar and the rest reported to the Peshwa, who in turn, reported to the Chatrapati at Satara.… Read More Satara Jagirs

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The British Army in India – Frederick Engels – New-York Daily Tribune, June 26, 1858

Our indiscreet friend, Mr. William Russell of The London Times, has recently been induced, by his love of the picturesque, to illustrate, for the second time, the sack of Lucknow, to a degree which other people will not think very flattering to the British character. It now appears that Delhi, too, was “looted” to a… Read More The British Army in India – Frederick Engels – New-York Daily Tribune, June 26, 1858

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Treaty of Mangalore – The Last Time an Indian Ruler Dictated Terms to the British

6th April 1784. TREATY OF PEACE WITH THE NABOB TIPPOO SULTAN BAHADUR. Treaty of perpetual peace and friendship between the Honourable the English East India Company and the Nabob Tippoo Sultan Bahadur, on his own behalf; for the countries of Seringapatam Hyder Nagur etc.and all his other possessions settled by Anthony Sadlier, George Leonard Staunton… Read More Treaty of Mangalore – The Last Time an Indian Ruler Dictated Terms to the British

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The War with Baba Sahib and the Capture of that Town by English

This poem is written by a Christian native convert in Kannada over the rebellion of Naragund in 1858. It is another of those innumerable propaganda pieces the British, revelling in their victory, commissioned. Have a look at the highlighted stanzas; no ruler anywhere, with the intent to rule would resort to such atrocities. And going… Read More The War with Baba Sahib and the Capture of that Town by English

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Famines in British India – What happens if a Company operating on Profits runs a Country

East India Company, and for that matter, the British Empire is a commercial venture first and then a government later. It operates on a single point – profit. Everything including human lives are resources for it to acquire more profits. The below table is a sampling of the major famines British India saw. Salient points:… Read More Famines in British India – What happens if a Company operating on Profits runs a Country

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A policy for India, by Wavell, Sep 1946 – A plan for the withdrawal from India

This draft was prepared by Wavell, the Viceroy of India for the eyes of the British Government over withdrawal from India. It was drafted by Arthur Waugh, Home Member, Eric Conran-Smith, Member for War Transport, Eric Coates, Finance Member, Lt.-General Arthur Smith, A. Porter, Home Secretary, and G.B.B. Abell, Wavell’s Private Secretary. This is another… Read More A policy for India, by Wavell, Sep 1946 – A plan for the withdrawal from India

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Kayo Shri Gowri – Mysore State Anthem

This was written by Basavappa Shastry, the court poet of Mysore Darbar during the reign of Chamaraja Wodeyar to commemorate the handing over of direct rule of Mysore State to the Wodeyars in 1881. The tune is set to Raga Dheerashankarābharanam Kayo Sri Gowri, Karuna lahari, Thoya Jakshi, Shankareeshwari Vaimanika Bhamarchitha Komalakara Padhe Shreemanvitha Bhoomaspade… Read More Kayo Shri Gowri – Mysore State Anthem

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Britain Does Owe Reparations – Shashi Tharoor’s Speech at Oxford Union Debate

Madam President and gentlemen, ladies of the house I standing here with eight minutes in my hands in this venerable and rather magnificent institution, I was going to assure you that I belong to the Henry VIII School of public speaking – that as Henry VIII said to his wives ‘I shall not keep you… Read More Britain Does Owe Reparations – Shashi Tharoor’s Speech at Oxford Union Debate

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Victors Write History – How Great Men are Made

Below is the official profile of a Member of First Lok Sabha MALLUDORA, SHRI GAM, Independent [Madras—Visakhapatnam (Reserved—Sch. Tribes)—1952]: S. of Shri Gam Jogi Dora; B. Battapanukulu, Golugonda Taluk, Visakhapatnam Distt. Madras State, 1900; m. Shrimati Atchamma; 1 D.; Agriculturist; Principal lieutenant of the Late Shri Alluri Sitarama Raju, hero of Rampa Pithuri—revolt of the… Read More Victors Write History – How Great Men are Made

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Dadabhai Naoroji: The Benefits of British Rule, 1871

And we call him a great Indian leader… The Benefits of British Rule for India: In the Cause of Humanity: Abolition of suttee and infanticide. Destruction of Dacoits, Thugs, Pindarees, and other such pests of Indian society. Allowing remarriage of Hindu widows, and charitable aid in time of famine. Glorious work all this, of which… Read More Dadabhai Naoroji: The Benefits of British Rule, 1871

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The Day the ‘Saviours’ of the World had to be Saved

There is this curious case of a well deep in England, in a village called Stoke Row near Henley-on-Thames, which was dug on the orders of an Indian ruler. The story goes like, the acting Governor of United Provinces(current day Uttar Pradesh), Edward Anderdon Reade, over a regal dinner, narrated a story to the Maharaja… Read More The Day the ‘Saviours’ of the World had to be Saved

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Operation Bajadere

No information is available regarding this mission but it is said that a hundred paratroopers were to infiltrate into India and create a ruckus to trouble the Britishers. It was launched in Jan 1942 when soldiers of Free India Legion along with some Brandenburgers, the German special forces unit. Most probably, going by the racial… Read More Operation Bajadere

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A Letter from a Desparate Garrison Commander under Seige – John Inglis from Lucknow Residency to Henry Havelock

“‘Lucknow, July 22nd. ‘”MY DEAR SIR, It is with deep regret that I have to announce to you the death of Major Banks, chief commissioner, who was killed yesterday. I now write to inform you that the enemy have pushed on up to some of the walls of our defences, and keep up a perpetual… Read More A Letter from a Desparate Garrison Commander under Seige – John Inglis from Lucknow Residency to Henry Havelock

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Raja Cooch Behar’s communication with Sadar Patel on India’s Independence

Whether his beliefs over addressing the issue is substantiated or not, but what he said is completely correct – What guarantee that the culture of smaller states like us will be preserved. The Palace Cooch Behar 12th August, 1947 My dear Sardar Patel, On this great and historic day of Indian Independence, which you have… Read More Raja Cooch Behar’s communication with Sadar Patel on India’s Independence

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Mukherjee – Last letter to Nehru 17 Feb 1953 – Salient Points

Well, Nehru, in all his Nehruvian expertise, didnot even respond to the letter. (1) Order for the release of prisoners is given and there will be no victimization (2) You and Sheikh Abdullah call a conference, after a fortnight where all political and constitutional matters are discussed with an open mind. (3) Both parties reiterate… Read More Mukherjee – Last letter to Nehru 17 Feb 1953 – Salient Points

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The Last Letter – Dr. Shyama Prasad Mookerjee’s letter to Sheikh Abdullah dated 23rd February 1953

When you think that a special provision was made for the accession of the State of Jammu and Kashmir or that you enjoy limited sovereignty, you do so in utter disregard of the historical circumstances under which the scheme of integration was forced in India by the British Government. I would beg of you not… Read More The Last Letter – Dr. Shyama Prasad Mookerjee’s letter to Sheikh Abdullah dated 23rd February 1953

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The Outlook in India – Position of Mr Gandhi – A Letter to Editor – The Glasgow Herald – Aug 11, 1943(from Catacol, Arran) – A Btitish Imperialist View

Sir, – Your leading article “India No Better” makes a plea for a new approach by the Government of India to the more responsible Indian leaders. It names that the Congress leaders are still in jail, and the continued deadlock has wrought grave damage to the British prestige throughout the world. Quite rightly it deplores,… Read More The Outlook in India – Position of Mr Gandhi – A Letter to Editor – The Glasgow Herald – Aug 11, 1943(from Catacol, Arran) – A Btitish Imperialist View

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The Bangkok Resolutions – Formation of Indian Independence League

1. WHEREAS it is the objective of the war of Greater East Asia to destroy British Imperialism in Asia; and WHEREAS it gives an opportunity for India to realise the goal of complete independence; and WHEREAS it is the belief of this Conference that a new and regenerated Asia of Free Nations is certain to… Read More The Bangkok Resolutions – Formation of Indian Independence League

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Two Speeches – The Founding Fathers of India and Pakistan – Idealism vs Practicality

If only Jinnah lived a few years more, the face of Indian sub-continent would have been far more different.   Nehru – Tryst with Destiny   Long years ago we made a tryst with destiny, and now the time comes when we shall redeem our pledge, not wholly or in full measure, but very substantially.… Read More Two Speeches – The Founding Fathers of India and Pakistan – Idealism vs Practicality

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The Patwardhan Chaos – The Rulers of Miraj, Sangli, Kurundwad and Jamkhandi

One of the most complicated ruling dynasties in India is that of the Patwardhan Saranjam. Three brothers who were prominent military commanders were given lands between Kolhapur and Mysore and were given a free hand to expand and hold the both the kingdoms in check. Their traditional area of operation is the land between Krishna… Read More The Patwardhan Chaos – The Rulers of Miraj, Sangli, Kurundwad and Jamkhandi

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East India Company Forces Officer Deaths in 1857 – Muster Roll

The attachment 1857 – British Officers contains the complete list of officers(errors exist?) under East India Company Payroll who got died during the general period of 1857 rebellion in India. Unsurprisingly, Bengal Infantry, from where the rebellion actually started took the maximum beating. I cannot comprehend how a member of Ecclesiastical Department can ever be considered as… Read More East India Company Forces Officer Deaths in 1857 – Muster Roll

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A Few British Martyrs of 1857 Rebellion – How Martyrs are Created

First of all, should we call those who fought for the East India Company in the 1857 Rebellion(or all the East India Company men at arms) till Victoria’s proclamation of 1 Nov 1858 as soldiers or mercenaries of fortune? Internationally accepted definition of a mercenary is A mercenary is any person who: (a) is especially… Read More A Few British Martyrs of 1857 Rebellion – How Martyrs are Created

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The English in India – Tagore’s letter to a British Friend

What nonsense is this? The British Empire is pluming itself on its generosity in making over some part of the machinery of the Government of India into our hands. What is distressing me is that the poisonous element mixed in the boon offered to us will continue to work noxiously for an indefinite time to… Read More The English in India – Tagore’s letter to a British Friend

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Rajendra Prasad’s query as to what to wear for his inauguration as President

My dear Jawaharlalji, General Kariappa suggested to me that it would be very mych appreciaed if there was something distinctive in the dress of the President. The idea was that I should wear a black or gray achkan and churidar pyjama and over that there should be a sash of orange or blue colour worn… Read More Rajendra Prasad’s query as to what to wear for his inauguration as President

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Tokyo Boys

Tokyo Boys is the term used for the INA cadets sent to Imperial Japanese Army and Airforce Academies. They were actually intended to be the core of Azad Hind Fauz’s airforce. They never saw action and were captured on fall of Japan but were released as a part of INA trials. Most of them went… Read More Tokyo Boys

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The Fall of Kanpur and the two massacres at Sati Chaura Ghat and Bibighar

Background: Neill and Havelock were massacring villages there by creating a twenty mile wide no man zone from Calcutta to Kanpur. Some villagers, impacted by it flocked into Kanpur 14 Jun 1857: Information comes that Delhi has fallen 20 Jun 1857: A Mrs Freeman, an American missionary confirms the news of the fall of Delhi… Read More The Fall of Kanpur and the two massacres at Sati Chaura Ghat and Bibighar

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Germany, Italy and Japan’s declaration of India’s Independence – 1942

In this defensive war which has been forced upon them, Germany, Italy and Japan are fighting against the Powers that have dominated the world up to now by means of subjugation and exploitation of other peoples. Their struggle serves a high ethic purpose. Germany, Italy and Japan are fighting at the same time for the… Read More Germany, Italy and Japan’s declaration of India’s Independence – 1942

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The Official Titles of the 19 and 21 Gun Salute Royals in India

Looking at their titles, they can be classified as 1.       Those which they gave themselves like 108 Sris of Mewar and any of those in Sanskrit 2.       Those which their suzerains gave to them. Generally, they are Persian titles for Hindu Kingdoms like Mukhtar ul-Mulk of Gwalior 3.       Those given by the British or those… Read More The Official Titles of the 19 and 21 Gun Salute Royals in India

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The Relief of Lucknow – How the British were duped

By August 1857, the siege of Lucknow began under Outram, Niell and Havelock. Niell was killed in September and Havelock died in November. The situation in Lucknow is dire with lack of provisions. Begum Hazrat Mahal, Nana Saheb and Maulvi Ahmedullah were leading the Awadh forces. To break the siege, Kunwar Singh blocked the route… Read More The Relief of Lucknow – How the British were duped

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Bose’s Plan for Cooperation between the Axis Powers and India, 9 April 1941

Plain, straightforward and even practical in implementation, that too from one without any military background . But as the adage goes, Man proposes and God disposes. This plan came to naught for two reasons – 1. In the pact between Germany and Russia, India was assigned to the Russian Sphere of Influence and Germany was… Read More Bose’s Plan for Cooperation between the Axis Powers and India, 9 April 1941

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Maharaja Hari Singh’s letter to Mountbatten accepting accession

Dated: 26 October 1947 My dear Lord Mountbatten, I have to inform your Excellency that a grave emergency has arisen in my State and request immediate assistance of your Government. As your Excellency is aware the State of Jammu and Kashmir has not acceded to the Dominion of India or to Pakistan. Geographically my State… Read More Maharaja Hari Singh’s letter to Mountbatten accepting accession

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Maharaja Hari Singh’s letter to Rajendra Prasad – the letter which ended his rule

Poona, 16/17th August, 1952 Dr. Rajendra Prasad, President of India, New Delhi Sir, I am making a direct approach to you in the matter of the affairs of’ the State of Jammu and Kashmir and its Ruler as the situation has become acute owing to the rapid developments that are taking place and the further… Read More Maharaja Hari Singh’s letter to Rajendra Prasad – the letter which ended his rule

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Speech by the Maharaja of Bikaner on 21 Dec 1941 as a part of Welcome Ceremony arranged for his return from the Middle Eastern War Theatre

Below is a proof of why the British were successful in being entrenched in India. If the Germans or the Japanese advance, he is going to lose his throne. The king will support the British war effort come what may and will exhort his subjects to do so. Gentlemen,I thank you very sincerely for the… Read More Speech by the Maharaja of Bikaner on 21 Dec 1941 as a part of Welcome Ceremony arranged for his return from the Middle Eastern War Theatre

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A letter to Roessler’s Stamp News by a Correspondent in Tibet, 1913

I am sending by special courier to Bhutan a small parcel of the Lama’s native-made stamps. The Grand Lama, himself, is sponsor for this set, which is inscribed in the Bong or headless language. We employ two languages but the Bong is the talk of the physicians or priests. The religious fervour of the Tibetans… Read More A letter to Roessler’s Stamp News by a Correspondent in Tibet, 1913

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Passion royale for pampering pets – Roshni Johar (From Tribune, 24 May 2003)

THE Indian royalty was known to pamper their dogs, and went to strange limits doing that. While some intensely loved them, others hated them with equal candour. The Maharaja of Junagadh, Nawab Sir Mahabet Khan Rasul Khan, invited Lord Irwin to grace the occasion of marriage of Roshanara with Bobby. But the Viceroy refused. Understandably… Read More Passion royale for pampering pets – Roshni Johar (From Tribune, 24 May 2003)

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Farewell note of Jagaddipendra Narayan, Raja of Cooch Behar before merging the kingdom with India

On this solemn occassion which marks the end of long and happy association, my mother and I send you our very best wishes, my beloved people. Whereever we may be, we shall never forget you, your loyalty, and your devotion, we hope you will always maintain the peace, goodwill and harmony which has been our… Read More Farewell note of Jagaddipendra Narayan, Raja of Cooch Behar before merging the kingdom with India

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Proclamation of the Provisional Government of Azad Hind

No Propaganda, no vitriol, but just a simple and effective statement – After their first defeat at the hands of the British in 1757 in Bengal, the Indian people fought an uninterrupted series of hard and bitter battles over a stretch of one hundred years. The history of this period teems with examples of unparalleled… Read More Proclamation of the Provisional Government of Azad Hind

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An Indian Coronation – The Coronation of Maharaja Bodhachandra of Manipur

From a news article from the contemporary accounts. The photo is from a different source though. The Maharaja of Manipur, over whose little state, tucked away in the hills of north-eastern India, bordering on Burma, so many bitter battles have been fought recently, was crowned on Friday, reports The Times correspondent at Imphal, capital of… Read More An Indian Coronation – The Coronation of Maharaja Bodhachandra of Manipur

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A History of the Pathans of Kurnool till the fall of Tipu Sultan

This extract is from a Persian book translated by a Britisher. The founder of the Patan dynasty of Kurnool was, as has been elsewhere inci­dentally mentioned, 1. Khizr Khân Punny, an Afghan, of the tribe called Poory-Zye. He had already attained to some rank in the Moghul army, when the latter was joined from Shânoor by Bhûlool Khân, between whose family, and… Read More A History of the Pathans of Kurnool till the fall of Tipu Sultan

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An Obituary to the last Nizam – Hakim Ahmed Shujah

“The life of His Exalted Highness was very simple but dignified and attracted attention. He kept away from the artificiality of the world. He was not a hypocrite but was a portrait of culture and refinement. He was a shining example of Islamic toleration. He adhered strictly to religious fasts and prayers. He dedicated his… Read More An Obituary to the last Nizam – Hakim Ahmed Shujah

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The Fall of Hyderabad – that iconic photo of His Exhausted Highness

It is said that the Nizam was not ready to meet Patel after the treatment meted out to him, but some say, he was advised as prudent, some say he was coerced to receive him. Consequence, we have this iconic photograph, which we still see in public areas in Telangana sometimes. It is said that… Read More The Fall of Hyderabad – that iconic photo of His Exhausted Highness

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The Best chance Hyderabad had to neck out the Europeans

The French forced themselves on Hyderabad during the Carnatic war where Salabat Jung was made the Nizam. The extremely high salaries the French had(Rs 72000 per month) and the way in which Hyderabadi troops were stopped their wages to pay the French started to slowly alienate the French from the normal public. Syed Lashkar Khan,… Read More The Best chance Hyderabad had to neck out the Europeans

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Two Letters in an Attempt for Legitimization – Subhas Bose to the Soviets

Tokyo, the 16th November 1943. To His Excellency the Foreign Minister of the USSR. Your Excellency, I have the honour to inform Your Excellency that in accordance with the Will of all the freedom – loving Indians in India and abroad – and with the fullest support of all Indians residing in East Asia who… Read More Two Letters in an Attempt for Legitimization – Subhas Bose to the Soviets

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The Rose of Tralee – Edward Mordaunt Spencer or William Pembroke Mulchinock

The pale moon was rising above the green mountains, The sun was declining beneath the blue sea; When I strayed with my love to the pure crystal fountain, That stands in the beautiful Vale of Tralee. She was lovely and fair as the rose of the summer, Yet ’twas not her beauty alone that won… Read More The Rose of Tralee – Edward Mordaunt Spencer or William Pembroke Mulchinock

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The Succour of Lucknow – Seitz Norden(original – German)

On the bastion of Fort Lucknow Are two soldier’s wives sitting Wearied, hopeless, worn and withered. One day more, an only night more, Thus pronounced the chiefs of warfare, Holds the fortress, if not succoured. There they sit, the corporal’s wife Jessie Brown the Highland’s daughter And the colonel’s consort, having In her lap the… Read More The Succour of Lucknow – Seitz Norden(original – German)

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The Proclamation of Bahadur Shah – The official notification of the rebellion

‘It is well known to all, that in this age the people of Hindustan, both Hindoos and Mahommedans, are being ruined under the tyranny and oppression of the treacherous and infidel and treacherous English. It is therefore the bounden duty of all the wealthy people of India, especially of those who have any sort of… Read More The Proclamation of Bahadur Shah – The official notification of the rebellion

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The Paisley Officer or India’s Burning Sands, a Broadside Ballad – Unknown

In blythe and bonny Scotland, where the blue bells do grow, There dwelt a pretty fair maid down in a valley low. Its all the day long she herded sheep upon the banks of Clyde, Altho’ her lot in life was low she was called the village pride. An officer from Paisley town went out… Read More The Paisley Officer or India’s Burning Sands, a Broadside Ballad – Unknown

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The Strange Story of Jamie Green from Forbes-Mitchell’s Reminiscences of the Great Mutiny

When we returned to Cawnpore, although we had been barely two months away, we found it much altered. Many of the burnt-down bungalows were being rebuilt, and the fort at the end of the bridge of boats had become quite a strong place. The well where the murdered women and children were buried was now… Read More The Strange Story of Jamie Green from Forbes-Mitchell’s Reminiscences of the Great Mutiny

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Payam-e-Azadi

A Series of Articles over 1857 revolt… This newspaper, which published the proclamation of Bahadur Shah Zafar in full along with many flaming articles and made Lord Canning give out his Gagging Order, was published from Delhi in Lithopress in Hindi and Urdu. The formal editor was Mirza Bedar Bhakt, a member of the Mughal… Read More Payam-e-Azadi

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Operation Polo – The Fall of Hyderabad – The Course of Action

The Governor of the Mughals in Deccan survived the British purges just by staying on the right side even if his namesake master lost his throne. Either the seven kulcha story was introduced after the last Nizam’s fall or it turned prophetic. But as fate played out, whatever the reasons, he was the only one… Read More Operation Polo – The Fall of Hyderabad – The Course of Action

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Vanchisamangalam – Travancore Anthem

This is formally named “Vanchisamangalam” or the “Prayer for the Lord of Vanchi”. Where Vanchi refers to Thiruvanchikkulam, the capital of the Later Cheras and the lord of the city, Lord Siva. Vanchi Bhoomi Pathe Chiram Sanchithabham Jayikkenam Deva Devan Bhavanennum Dehasoughkyam Valarthenam…Vanchi… Thwacharithamennum Bhoomau Vishrutamai Vilangenam…Vanchi… Marthia Manamethum Bhaval Pathanamai Bhavikkenam…Vanchi… Thavakamam Kulam Menmel… Read More Vanchisamangalam – Travancore Anthem

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The letter which destroyed Hyderabad

The role which Jinnah played in the Hyderabad episode is nothing but atrocious. The below letter is a synopsis of the minutes of meeting between Jinnah and the Hyderabad delegation by Ali Yavar Jung( The Constitutional Affairs Representative) and confirmed and countersigned by Jinnah (4 August 1947). Below is the synopsis of the discussion: Nizam:… Read More The letter which destroyed Hyderabad

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Aurangzeb’s firman allowing British back into India after burning all their factories in 1689(to the Nawab of Bengal)

You must underatand that it has been the good fortune of the English to repent them af their irregular past proceedings ; and not being in their former greatness they have, by their Vakeels, petitioned for their lives, and a pardon for their faults, which out of my extraordinary favor towards them, I have accordingly… Read More Aurangzeb’s firman allowing British back into India after burning all their factories in 1689(to the Nawab of Bengal)

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The Tragedy of Bobbili – A Colonial Account

The first in rank of the Polygars(feudal landlords) in Vishakhapatnam area of India, who all call themselves Rajahs, was Ranga Rao of Bobbili: the fort of this name stands close to the mountain about 140 miles north-east of Vizagapatam; the districts are about twenty square miles. There had long been a deadly hatred between this… Read More The Tragedy of Bobbili – A Colonial Account

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List of Princely States of India

By Definition, a Princely State is an independent entity in terms of internal administration but in the physical limits of British India. All foreign aspects – army, international relationships and whatever are managed by the British Governemnt of India and anything internal like administration of justice etc were managed by the head of the administration(a… Read More List of Princely States of India

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The fate of Damodar Rao, the Son of Rani Lakshmi Bai of Jhansi after the war

Y.N Kelkar’s “Itihasachya Sahali” or “Voyages in History” published in 1959 mentions the below from the memoirs of Damodar Rao Newalkar(real name Anand Rao), adopted son of Rani Laxmibai of Jhansi and heir to the Jhansi throne narrates – “I was born on 15th November 1849 in Jhansi in a collateral branch of the ruling… Read More The fate of Damodar Rao, the Son of Rani Lakshmi Bai of Jhansi after the war

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A BBC article over the Delhi Durbar Incident where the Maharaja of Baroda mocked the British King by turning his back on him

As Delhi prepares to mark 100 years as India’s capital, a previously lost diary written by an Anglo-Irish aristocrat has provided a fascinating insight into an extraordinary but largely forgotten act of dissent against colonial rule by an Indian maharajah. Lilah Wingfield witnessed the moment 100 years ago when, in front of 100,000 spectators, the… Read More A BBC article over the Delhi Durbar Incident where the Maharaja of Baroda mocked the British King by turning his back on him

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