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It is surprising to see that the inscription issued in Saka 1108 is nothing more than a mass of names and no achievements. What does this mean? The Velanati Chodas didn’t achieve anything or by the time of Prithviswara, everything is forgotten? That he is ruling from Pithapuram and not Tsandavole itself is an indication… Read More Pithapuram Inscription of Velanati Choda Prithviswara
The dynastic change from Vijayalaya Chola Adhirajendra Chola to Vengi Chalukya Kulottunga Chola is one of the most chaotic events in South Indian history. Think about it. You know everything about Cholas till 1062, then, suddenly everything goes blank, then, again, clarity comes around 1080. Why is it a fascinating subject? Too many parameters, too… Read More From Rajendra Chalukya to Kulottunga Chola
I really hope this is a dead and dusted thing. Why they talk about Ayodhya? Why don’t they talk about the most Holy and Important Tirthas of Kailash and Man Sarover? Madina Education Centre in Hyderabad, run by Madina Education and Welfare Society, is silently and sincerely waging a relentless war against the evil forces… Read More Demolition of Babri Masjid and Aftermath – Speech by Subramanian Swamy, March 13, Madina Education Centre, Hyderabad
There is a obscure kingdom on the extreme end of Saurashtra by name Saindhavas about him almost nothing is known. Why do they matter? They crushed the Arab Navy, not once, but twice – a defeat that devastating that the Caliph, ordered no more naval raids of India. Nothing is known about them except two… Read More Saindhavas of Bhutambilika
Though one can’t say Alexander’s conquest of Persia was a cake walk, his real miseries started when he entered Persia proper. Hoping for a comfortable winter stay, Alexander marched on Persepolis in late 331 BC but his way was contested by a mountain tribe, Uxians, who demanded a toll for passage. Alexander attacked them and… Read More Alexander in Afghanistan
I was looking into Keezhadi excavations and it looks as if the whole controversy created around it is just a controversy and nothing more. A quick reading tells that this is presented as a Brahminical conspiracy to suppress the glorious Tamil civilization and a whole narrative is built around it. First of all, a few… Read More Keezhadi – Is there a controversy, first of all?
Even in Srirangam, Vaikhanasa was the norm and Pancharatra was treated as a heresy. While Vaikhanasa is based on lineage(a person born in a Vaikhanasa lineage is ordained automatically), Pancharatra says, if qualified, anyone can become the priest. Obviously, it’s treated as a heresy. Yamunacharya is the first noted one who gave a scriptural backing… Read More Krimikantha Chola
I was having an interesting discussion yesterday, which, being unpalatable to the person with whom I was discussing, led to me being blocked by her on Twitter. That, this discussion is still on her mind can be seen from this single tweet. As is my practice, I will shade out all the names except mine. And… Read More Intellectual Dishonesty and Lost Arguments – A Discussion over Non-Vegetarianism and How it Spun Off into a Caste Based Atrocity Narrative
1900-1930 was a very interesting timeframe in Indian history – it saw the permanent rift between Hindus and Muslims as political forces, and rise of alternate forces based on anti-Brahminism. It is interesting to note, the sequence of events happened in a reactionary way with huge implications even today. Also worth noting is the fact… Read More Cause and Effect – Indian Politics 1900-1930
The fountainhead of Islam is Saudi Arabia. But, the sort of undercurrent of suport you see for Pakistan in India, you don’t see it for Saudi Arabia? If it has got to do with an Indian culture, why not Bangladesh or Afghanistan? Why do some people in India bond with Pakistan and not with other… Read More The Idea of Pakistan
This is an extract from the account of Mirza Muinuddin Hasan Ali Khan, the first Kotwal of Delhi appointed by the Mughal Empire during the rebellion. He puts much weight on the happenings in Awadh as a reason for the rebellion – it is interesting to notice that British saw a threat in the play… Read More Events Leading to Rebellion in Awadh, 1847-1857
My Lords, you will have appreciated the comprehensive and able statement which has been made to-day on behalf of His Majesty’s Government, and will have particularly welcomed the fact that it has been made by the noble Earl, Lord Munster, who, after a period of active war service, has now returned to resume what was… Read More Herbert Samuel, British Parliament discussion on Section 93 of the Government of India Act, 06 April 1943
My Lords, in the position I hold as father of the Indian Army I would like to convey my most grateful thanks, and those I know of all my brother officers, to the noble Earl for what he has told us of conditions in the Indian Army. About that I had no doubt, because I… Read More William Birdwood, British Parliament discussion on Section 93 of the Government of India Act, 06 April 1943
The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for India and Burma, who had given Notice of six Motions continuing in force Proclamations issued under Section 93 of the Government of India Act, 1935, said: My Lords, I beg to move the first of the six Motions standing in my name. I am obliged to the noble Lord… Read More Geoffrey FitzClarence, British Parliament discussion on Section 93 of the Government of India Act, 06 April 1943
Sugreeva mentions, in the description of lands in Ramayana, ततो हेममयं दिव्यं मुक्तामणिविभूषितम्। युक्तं कवाटं पाण्ड्यानां गता द्रक्ष्यथ वानराः।।4.41.19।। O Vanaras, leaving that river, you will find encrusted with pearls, the wonderful golden gate of the city of Pandyas. Alternately, this can be read as the Pandyans of Kavata, a name for their capital city.… Read More Pandya Kings in Raghuvamsam
The destruction of the Chalukya power under Pulakesi by Narasimhavarman resulted in a decade of chaos in the Chalukya territories, before Pulakesi’s son Vikramaditya I brought back stability. This immediately led to the shifting of allegiance of Telugu Chodas and Banas to Chalukyas. It is possible that Nolambas were governors appointed to a section of… Read More Nolambas – A Brief History
It looks like pre-Islamic India is a veritable treasure trove of every sort of information – with everyone visiting the country for knowledge, trade or whatever the reason. Kanheri Caves is a Buddhist Cave Complex near Mumbai which was active between 100 BC and 1000 AD or so. There are a few very interesting inscriptions… Read More Japanese and Pahlavi Kanheri Cave Inscriptions
Unlike as is commonly believed, traditional India had knowledge of gunpowder. The Mughals didn’t bring fire arms into India but it may have been that the knowledge is not that widespread enough to make a massive difference. The same is dealt in detail in “On the Weapons, Army Organization, and Political Maxims of Ancient India”… Read More The Art of Firearms – Sukraneeti
I seriously don’t get this attitude. What is the reason for this visceral hatred for Maharaja Hari Singh and unconditional love for Sheik Abdullah? Who is Sheik Abdullah? He is no more than a just another who ruled the roads. He neither had presence in Prajamandal nor has he got an official role in negotiations.… Read More Gandhi on Communal Riots in the Kingdom of Jammu
The question of historicity of Aryan Invasion Theory is coming up too frequently and too many questions are being raised over the historicity of the theory. Below details are from a discussion I recently had over the same. So, where shall we start over this? Let me take up the discussion under the premise that… Read More A Few Thoughts Over Aryan Invasion Debate
The Muslim Conquest of South India led to untold horrors in the area. The bounceback of the Hindus was swift – it’s as if they were surprised at the Muslim attacks and their mode of operation. While the lines were being drawn in the North with Yadava Empire controlled by the Muslims, the Telangana part… Read More Madhura Vijayam – Vijayanagar Conquest of Madurai
Well, petrol rates are rising again and people are not going to be happy. There are demands for Central Government to roll back the prices. But, is the reality that simple? So, how is petrol price calculated, first of all? Cost of a barrel of petrol + Operational cost for OMCs + Distributor commission +… Read More High Petrol Rates – Who is More Responsible? State or Centre?
Two days ago, I was in Simhachalam. That was my second visit to the temple. Because it was a Saturday and Panchami, the rush was massive in the temple. We decided to have a Darshan through the 100 rupee Special Darshan. It was a very big mistake. It took almost half an hour for us… Read More Simhachalam Temple – Need for Course Correction
I am listening to a debate over Tirumala Temple row as I type this. The tone of the debate is sickening. On one side is a TTD official and on the other side, is Ramana Deekshitulu(the force-retired chief priest of Tirumala Temple). The sort of aggression is unwarranted unless something is seriously amiss. Everyone ganged… Read More Tirumala Temple Row – Need for Overhauling?
Karnataka elections turned much interesting than we anticipated. BJP, at on point, reached 121 seats majority while counting but, slowly, it slid back to 104 seats. This created some things unprecedented. Congress sensed an opportunity and declared that HD Kumaraswamy will be made the Chief Minister. They went to the Governor but they were not… Read More Karnataka Elections – Lost Deposits and Throne Games
I was looking at the electoral numbers for today’s Karnataka Election Results. One of the biggest chest thumping by any party is, we scored these many votes even if we won lesser seats. Why does this happen? Two reasons – 1. Less seats won, but with massive margins. 2. More votes as a loser. The… Read More Two Interesting Datasets from Karnataka Elections
I was searching this for a long time, but never seriously enough. Madala Panji is the name of the chronicle maintained by Puri Jagannatha Temple. It contained a list of kings who ruled Orissa from time immemorial. Only after you reach medieval age, there is a semblance of practicality in dates. While Yudhistira is considered… Read More Orissa King List from Madala Panji
India is a tricky country. With all it’s cultural contradictions, outrages and societal issues, India still works as a single cohesive entity. The vastness and diversity is just mindboggling. There are agendas and there are forced marriages. Some people want more than what they have, some people are happy with what they have. Sometimes, things… Read More Kathua – On the March from Humanity to Vulture Politics
There was a recent discussion with some friends which made me jog down memory lane, about a discussion I had with a Kashmiri Muslim at the peak of the stone pelting drama. For some surprising reason, I was very aggressive that day and the consequence was, our Kashmiri friend slunk away into his hole again.… Read More Delving into the Mind of a Safe and Secure Kashmiri who is Funding disturbances in Kashmir Valley
One day, I was travelling in a double decker bus and was seated in the front seat, just above the driver. There was a person sitting on the footpath with his dog. He suddenly sprinkled some grain before the bus. A pigeon flew towards the grain only to be crushed by the bus. I still… Read More Lingayat Religion – Is it worth it?
Number one Number one Number one State we are Number one Number one Number one State we are. Watch we all, how things go In those lands, less civilised Who else can, cultured we Number one State we are. Lest we watch our own state No wrong can take birth here Sense you not, call… Read More Left we are, Lynch we not – Nanda Kumar
As time passes and history of an event gets older, it is embellished with all sorts of exaggeration and sometimes, degenerates into a sort of pseudo-mythology. And if there is a reinvigorated effort to elevate him to a higher pedestal after the passing of centuries, it gets very hard to sift fact from fiction. One… Read More Karikala – Separating Fact from Myth
Barani writes, At Bhilsan ‘Alauddin had heard of the elephants and wealth of Deogir and enquired about the routes to that place. He had resolved to collect a large army at Karra for an attack on Deogir without informing the Sultan. Finding the Sultan more kind and affectionate than ever, he applied for some delay… Read More The Ramachandra we don’t know – Did Alauddin Khilji ever reach Devagiri?
Barani writes, “In the first expedition the Malik Naib Kafur Hazardinari was sent to Deogir with the amirs and maliks and the red canopy. Khwaja Haji, the Naib ‘Arz i Mumalik, was also sent with him to look after the administration of the army and the collection of elephants and treasures. No army had been… Read More Kakatiyas defeating Ala-ud-din Khilji – The Ramifications
Barani writes, “In the first expedition the Malik Naib Kafur Hazardinari was sent to Deogir with the amirs and maliks and the red canopy. Khwaja Haji, the Naib ‘Arz i Mumalik, was also sent with him to look after the administration of the army and the collection of elephants and treasures. No army had been… Read More Kakatiyas defeating Ala-ud-din Khilji – The Ramifications
It is surprising to see that, sometimes, at the points where multiple civilizations merge, there is a blackhole about which we literally know nothing. Take for example, Dandakaranya – Bastar area. We have Bahamani Sultanate on one side, Delhi Sultanate on the second and Kalinga on the third side. They fought with each other everywhere… Read More Muslim-Ladakh relations
Sir, this very simple motion of my honourable colleague has led some members of refer to almost all connected matters, not with this motion, but in regard to Kashmir, and so we have been led to think of this vast and intricate and difficult problem of Kashmir. It is a little difficult in this context… Read More Constituent Assembly Debates – State of Kashmir or Jammu and Kashmir – Nehru’s Diatribe
The Honourable Shri N. Gopalaswami Ayyangar: (Madras: General): Mr. President, Sir, I rise to move: “That after paragraph 4 of the Schedule to the Constituent Assembly Rules, the following paragraph be inserted, namely:- ‘4-A. Notwithstanding anything contained in paragraph 4, all the seats in the Assembly allotted to the State of Kashmir may be filled… Read More Constituent Assembly Debates – State of Kashmir or Jammu and Kashmir – The Debate
Seriously, I don’t get what Nehru thinks some times. Nehru’s attempts to replace the name of Jammu and Kashmir to Kashmir, even after knowing that Kashmir is a piece of real estate bought by the king of Jammu. And the way Sheik Abdullah was preferred – ashamed. He was made the leader because he ruled… Read More Constituent Assembly Debates – State of Kashmir or State of Jammu and Kashmir?
Well, whatever he is, and whatever his birth, he defeated an invasion and after that, his kingdom was split into fragments. He is either from Anegondi, from Chera Empire or a local ruler who was elected. Of his birth, he is a Hindu, Muslim or Buddhist, of his conversion, either he retired to a temple,… Read More Cheraman Perumal – Two European Versions
According to the Keralolpatti, Parasurama reclaimed from the sea the land between Gokarnam and Cape Comorin, and gave it to the Brahmins whom he brought from Abicchatra. He settled them io sixty-four villages. For their convenience and cumfort ho brought Sudras, whom he compelled to adopt the form of marriage known as Sambandham and the… Read More The Kerala Perumals and the Foundation of Calicut
There is absolutely no evidence to show that there was any hostility between the Tamils and the Nayars who succeeded them as the rulers of the laud. This latter community had originally no name. In the grants of the kings and chiefs they are referred to simply as the Three Hundred, the Six Hundred, the… Read More On the Origin of Nayars
In common with many other non-Aryan tribes on this Rice-beer frontier, e.g., the Nagas, &c., the Kacharis of Darrang habitually consume large quantities of what is usually known as rice-beer (Zu, Zau). It can hardly be said to be a beverage in daily use, for it is only prepared when specially wanted for immediate consumption.… Read More Kacharis – Rice-Beer Preparation
Once upon a time there lived a man and an old woman. And when they were quite old, the old woman said to her husband, “How shall these our children get food when we are gone?” So the old man travelled afar to the great god Kubera, the god of riches, and taking from him.… Read More Kachari Tradition – How the rivers were made
The Kachari often varies his diet by adding to it the proceeds of the chase and by fishing in the numerous shallow hill-streams in which his country abounds…In this, as in almost all else, the Kachari is clannish and gregarious in what he does; and regular hunting parties are duly organised to carry out the… Read More The Kachari Fishing
The usual Communist garbage – masses should rise, Bakanization and legitimizing the concept of Pakistan. This guy, Gangadhar Adhikari, fails to notice or rather, refuses to notice, India is a single nation state unlike Russia which is 10000 countries conquered by the Czars and goes on to apply Russian mode of revolution to India. A… Read More Adhikari Thesis – Pakistan and National Unity
It’s an interesting piece – telling the way of life in the kingdom they are going to go, and the demands of those who are sending them. Next day, Lengdon sent for Khunlung and Khunlai. They made preparation to come. They put on embroidered coats and cloths on their bodies. The messenger escorted them. They… Read More Ahom Myths – Preparing Khunlung and Khunlai for their Journey to Earth
Of all the tribes and kingdoms Ahoms captured in the formative days of the Empire, the Chutiya Empire fought the longest and hardest war, giving way after almost two centuries of fight. With the collapse of the central authority, people scattered in all directions – Dimapur, where the court retreated, Kachari Dwars on the Bhutan… Read More The Fragmentation of the Chutiya Empire
Another article. I have linked the previous article. This one from The Dreams of Tipu Sultan looks more complete. The reforms introduced by Tipu Sultan in the prevalent Muslim calendar consisted of the following: He reckoned the Muslim era not from the hijrat occurring in 622 but from the advent of Islam in 609 A.C.… Read More Tipu’s Calendar – The Mauladi Era
After Gagan Singh’s murder, the executions carried out ensured that Jang Bahadur Rana is literally the only person standing to be appointed the Mukhtiyar. He made himself the virtual ruler of Nepal and instead of the traditional policy of balancing Nepal against China, he decided to openly side the British. So, he starts this by… Read More Nepal-Tibet War of 1856 – Jang Bahadur Rana’s Greatest Glory
Wahengbam Ibohal Singh, in History of Manipur tries to redate the Manipuri kings, a more rational effort as compared to the traditional account based on Cheitarol Kumbaba. The main points are below. Ibohal Singh bases his dates on the founding of Chandrabda – 789 AD and the fact that Imphal valley is populated no earlier… Read More Manipur Kings and Their Reigns
As one goes through a British report on Khasi and Jaintia Hills titled Report On The Administration Of The Cossyah And Jynteah Hill Territory, he will be surprised at the omnipresence of Henry Inglis in the area. This single episode gives a clear picture on why Robert Mugabe necked out all the Europeans from Zimbabwe.… Read More If System is Designed to Support an Individual – The Case of Henry Inglis
On my arrival at Cherra Poonjee I found that violent dissensions were raging between Rajah Ram Sing, of Cherra Poonjee, and almost all the principal Sirdars of his district. The last Rajah, Soubah Sing, died on the 5th of June 1856, and Rajah Ram Sing, who is the eldest nephew of the deceased, represented to the… Read More Dissensions Regarding the Succession to the Cherra Raj – A typical British Report on a Tribal Kingdom
Then, when the land was overrun by the Mleccha hordes, his son Mihirakula of violent deeds, who was comparable to the god of destruction, became king. To the South belongs the god of Death; the northern direction, eager through rivalry to vanquish it, found an excuse and in him brought forth another god of death.… Read More Description of Mihirakula
Taken from Rajatarangini, the background of the story is thus. Meghavahana while in conquests, comes across a Sabara sacrificing a person. The king stops him and the Sabara says, to save his infant son, he needs to sacrifice this man to Chandika. The king offers himself in place of the victim. Below is what transpired… Read More Clash of Civilizations – The Discussion between Meghavahana, the King of Kashmir and a Sabara Chief
Ceteus, the general of the soldiers who had come from India, was killed in the battle after fighting brilliantly, but he left two wives who had accompanied him in the army, one of them a bride, the other married to him some years before, but both of them loving him deeply. It is an ancient… Read More A Greek Account of Sati – Half Awe, Rest Half Garbage
In the beginning, there were no gods and men. The world was void and was surrounded by the water of the ocean. There was no air, no animals, no land, no rulers, no countries and no living being. Also, the sun, the moon and the stars did not exist. There was neither the earth nor… Read More Creation according to the Ahoms
These sort of books should not be hidden by the Defence Ministry. These books, where very serious study is made, in this case, over why Pakistan acted the day it acted and how it acted to launch a war are a must for detailed study of a subject. And probably, this is the closest we… Read More 1947 Kashmir Invasion by Pakistan – The Tightening of Stranglehold
The Zamorin’s empire at it’s zenith included the whole of the west coast from Kollam to Kollam, that is, from Pantalayini in the Kurumbranad Taluk of British Malabar to Quilon in the Travancore State. In the interior his sway extended as far as the Ghats. The main seaports are Putuppattanam or Turasseri, Pantalayini, Tikkoti, Kappat,… Read More The Zamorin Geography
When anyone ought to receive money from another merchant, there appearing any writing of the scribes of the king they observe this practice – Let us suppose the case that some one has to pay me twenty-five ducats, and the debtor promises to pay them many times and does not pay them; I, not being… Read More Collecting Debts – Calicut Style
Below is a synopsis of the plan of Operation Gulmarg which accidentally reached Major Kalkat at Mirali post two days before the D-day. And we didn’t act upon that. According to Operation Gulmarg plan, as described by Major Kalkat, every Pathan tribe was required to enlist at least one Lashkar of 1000 tribesmen. Separate instructions… Read More Operation Gulmarg – The Plan of Action
Whenever I think of Mamakam, I feel that India should revive it and should celebrate as a national festival with the government leading it. It’s not religious, it’s a show of strength of the ruler – the military processions, a public show of strength of the ruler, fireworks, navy excercises – all of them are… Read More Mamakam – The Festival
From remote times Tirunavayi seems to have been a very sacred place in Kerala. The river here is considered to assume a special sanctity, because it flows between the temple of Mahavishnn, installed by the Mavayogis, on its right bank and the temples of Brahma and Siva on its left. It was the traditional head-quarters… Read More Mamakam – The Right to hold the Festival
In a society organised on the feudal model the sole burden upon land was service. Land-tax was unknown in Malabar before the Mysorean occupation. The sources from which the Zamorin derived his revenue were:— (1) Cherikkal lands or the royal estates. They were held in proprietory right, and it is from the proceeds of these… Read More The Taxes in Zamorin’s Calicut
What defines the confines of societal thinking? How fertile can the imagination of a culture can be? I will give one example – when Europeans brought to oxen a Pacific island, the natives, who never saw an ox, named it a pig with two large teeth on it’s forehead. I don’t remember this anecdote perfectly,… Read More The Modulation of Thought
I have not called this press conference to express my grief at AS Sandhu’s death. My feelings on this count are between his family and myself. What I have to say today is that we have already given up most of this country to criminals, to corrupt politicians, and to unscrupulous lobbyists who will work… Read More KPS Gill’s Press Statement over the Suicide of SSP AS Sandhu
I am very sad. This is the letter which Late KPS Gill wrote to the then Prime Minister, IK Gujral in response to the suicide of AS Sandhu, an SSP during the peak of Khalistani Movement, who committed suicide after a vicious witchhunt in the name of human rights. And whatever he raised in 1997,… Read More KPS Gill’s Letter to IK Gujral over the death of ex-SSP AS Sandhu
Akbar Khan was the formal point of contact whom the Government appointed to manage the Kashmir show, with instructions that it should be shown as a rebellion of the people against the government. Sourced from Operations in Jammu and Kashmir, these are the relevant bits of his interview to Defence Journal. The usual Pakistani bravado… Read More From the Horse’s Mouth – How Pakistan Engineered the 1947 ‘Kashmir Rebellion’
It’s surprising that an act of loot and pillage can be this clinically executed. Did it hurt their egos that a woman widow whom they decided as a non-entity turned against them? Or was it because the same widow gave a slip and bruised their egos even more? The detail with which the account was written and… Read More The Loot of Jhansi – Vishnubhat Godse, 1858
The history of Calicut is an interesting read. It is important to note that, Kerala being that insulated from outside influence, it’s rare to see an outsider invading it. This, shifts the complete story to Kerala proper – with kingdoms expanding and contracting as time went on. Let’s take the major power in the North… Read More The Portuguese and the Dutch – Military Heavyweights or All-round Jokers?
The priest who, with this, wishes that a Ksattriya should conquer in all the various ways of conquest, to subjugate all people, and that he should attain to leadership, precedence, and supremacy over all kings, and attain everywhere and at all times to universal sovereignty, enjoyment, independence, distinguished distinction as king, the fulfilment of the… Read More Initiation of Mahabhishekha Ceremony – The Oath
There are a few important things when we look at Calicut – 1. The capital city was never taken 2. It has reduced two global colonial powers to mere jokes in it’s area of operations 3. Even till the last day, the king and his principal vassals are competent field commanders. 4. Calicut collapsed exhausted,… Read More Calicut – The Local Super Power about which we Know Nothing
Well, there is only one thing common in both – the focus on jewellery. And the gifts. Even after seeing how richly decorated the Zamorin was, aren’t they ashamed of what they are planning to gift him? First visit On passing the last gate, the general and his attendants entered along with the noblemen into… Read More The Description of the Zamorin during the first two Portuguese Missions
All three are fit for their stature – the first and second, an indication of their social standards and the third, to their way of life. First Visit Four capotes or cloaks of Scarlet cloth, six hats, four branches of coral, twelve almasares, a box containing seven brass vessel, a chest of sugar, two barrels… Read More The Portuguese Gifts to the Zamorin – First Three Missions
Matsya Nyaya – A big fish swallows a smaller one. A bigger fish swallows the big fish. An even bigger fish swallows this bigger fish. This goes on till the biggest fish is the master of the lands. Well, this is how consolidation of empires happen but such a tiered structure is a bit hard… Read More A Classic Case of Matsya Nyaya – Calicut Wars
This should be, seriously, included in all text books. Again, and again, and again, they prove that they are nothing more than pirates and barbarians. And Aflonso Albuquerque, who succeeded Almeida in October, resolved to destroy Calicut itself. He had conceived this idea as early as 1503. But, then he had neither the means nor… Read More The First Land Attack of Portuguese in India
The Namakaranam and Annaprasanam of the children are performed in the sixth month after their birth. The Tampurattis are named Sridevi and Mahadevi and the Tampurans Manavikraman, Manaviyadan and Virarayan. Those who bear the sane name are distinguished by pet name; the Tampurattis aro called Anujatti, Kunhianujatti, and Jyeshtatti, and the Tampurans Ettan, Kunhettan, Kuttiettan,… Read More A Description of the Zamorin Family
There are some important points which Castaneda wrote in his “The History of the Conquest of India”. Read through and this is the narrative which will be built. It is something like, after the violence in Africa, it is possible that the Zamorin got to know of the Portuguese and treated them nothing more than… Read More A dissection of Vasco da Gama’s visit to India – What’s the Reality?
When the King goes forth to amuse himself, or to perform his orisons before some idol, all the Nayres who are near by are summoned to accompany him and the Officers of the State and the Pagans; and the King comes forth in his litter borne by two men, which is lined with silken cushions… Read More A Royal Procession – Of the Zamorin by Duarte Barbarossa
I haven’t read such an elaborate description of the accession of a king anywhere. Because of the level of intermixing of rituals, I had to carry forward a part of the information from the previous article. Due to the use of too much traditional jargon, the book is not that a great read, but the… Read More Change of Guard Part 2 – Accession of the New Zamorin
The funeral ceremonies are similar to those of the high class Nayars. The Attikkurissi directs them; the dead body is burnt and the Tampurans ‘bend under the branch’ as soon as they return from the cremation ground; on the 7th, 9th or 11th day after death, declared suspicious for the new Zamorin by the palace… Read More Change of Guard Part 1 – Death Ceremonies of the Zamorin
Varahamihira in Brihatsamhita writes, And Kalhana builds upon this. Going by the traditional Saka Era starting in 78 AD, we are seeing a difference of around 700 years between the current Saka Era and the Saka era mentioned by Varahamihira. Saka Era represents the victory of Indians over Western Kshatraps or in simpler terms, Western… Read More Varahamihira’s Saka Era – Is it 78 AD?
Maulana Hasrat Mohani: The first thing is about the Objectives Resolution I have got a verified copy of this thing together with the two speeches delivered by Pandit Nehru at the time of the passing of the Objectives Resolution. It is this : The Constituent Assembly declares its firm and solemn resolve to proclaim India… Read More So, there were Nehru baiters from Day One – Maulana Hasrat Mohani in the Constituent Assembly on 18 Sep 1949
This speech, from Telangana Assembly, 9 Mar 1953, is a hard hitting one and this is exactly the sort of questions which should be posed. Surely, this would have made some minister cringe there.
This is the beauty of Sanskrit literature. There are instances of a story written in 25000 slokas and there are instances were the same story was told in one sloka. Below three are a single sloka recitations of Ramayana, Mahabharata and Bhagavata. I am not sure who wrote them, but the case is that all… Read More The Definition of Brevity – Scriptures in a Single Sloka
Though analysing a movie this much seems a bit out of the nature, the reality is that what transpired in Bahubali is how kingdoms are made and unmade. Take the case of the senior – Amarendra Bahubali. His father was made the king in preference over his elder brother, Bijjaladeva, who is physically handicapped. But,… Read More Bahubali – Morally Correct and Politically Correct – Which should take Precedence?
Well, he didn’t know about the true colours of Jaipur…It is the only Rajputana kingdom which never rebelled against the Muslims and voluntarily surrendered whenever there is a change in gaurd. Written c. November 1682. [After five long sentences of traditional eulogy] Shri Shambhu Raja craves your friendship and after enquiring about your welfare communicates… Read More Shambhaji’s Letter to Ram Singh of Amber asking him to rebel
Shri Brajeshwar Prasad : (Bihar: General) : Mr. President, Sir, there are six amendments standing in my name. I would like to move only one, amendment No. 192, List V, Eighth week. Sir, I move: “That in amendment No. 130 of List IV (Eighth Week), for the proposed clause (1) of article 1, the following… Read More An interesting debate over the wordplay – Constituent Assembly
The reference to a submerged southern land from which the Tamils migrated came from two books – Iraiyanar Akapporul and Silappathikaram. Silappathikaram talks about the submerged land mass Kumari while Iraiyanar Akapporul talks about the poetic gatherings which happened there, called Sangams albeit much exaggeratedly. Things would have stayed rational had the continent of Lemuria… Read More Tamil Sangams and Kumari Kandam – What’s the veracity?
By 5th April, most people had packed their woolens. The sun shone brightly, and the air in Srinagar had a nip, with a hint of pine. I tucked myself in for a well-deserved sleep. The last 24-hours had been hectic and my body is not what it used to be. I crave rest, and a… Read More THE IRON IN OUR SOUL – Major Gaurav Arya
A beautiful piece of poetry with which Kalhana ends the First Taranga. Yudhistira lost interest in governance and covered himself with sycophants. Irritated, a coup was launched against him and he was exiled. Below verses describe his exile. Then permitted by them to leave his own country, after the fight had been called off and time… Read More The Exile of Yudhistira – Rajatarangini
This story is clearly presented as a moral. It talks about what happens when a king forgets his duty in lust for a woman and what happens if, in a sudden spurt of anger, the protector forgets his duty. And note that curious statement – they were not spared even if they have took refuge… Read More The Legend of Chandralekha
Seriously? Are these are the questions being raised in a State Assembly? A sampling below (Telangana Assembly, 9 Mar 1953) – *32 (148) Shri Srihari (Kinwat): Will the hon. Minister for Public Works be pleased to state: (a) “Whether it is a fact that no water tap is provided in the Inspection Bungalow at Adilabad, in… Read More Some ‘Interesting’ Legislative Assembly Debates
A nice one – a frustrated outrage by someone in Hyderabad assembly on 9th March 1953. But, seriously, you need to read the Telugu stuff. The speech of Rajpramukh is something like people in villages nodding their heads in agreement for his speech without knowing anything. When a debate is to happen, they said, they… Read More Language Debate – Telangana Style
Being just a visitor to Andhra for more than ten years, I am completely cut off from what is happening there. And with no knowledge of Tamil, these long years in Tamil Nadu didn’t make me get interested in Tamil politics. So, whatever is left for me is central politics. In spite of such a level… Read More Project Kakatiya – KCR’s Grand Scheme of Things
From the Constituent Assembly Debate on National Language. Well, forget the Gandhi part. And the sort of North Indian bias reminds me of a word Vishnubhat Godse used in his book – he is going to pilgrimage to Hindustan. In his days, Hindustan is North India, Desh is Maratha core lands and South India, god only… Read More A powerful speech in support for Urdu – National Language Debates
Very rarely, you will find a historic occurence documented by multiple contemporaries in positions of note with their divergent point of views giving us multiple prisms to have a look at the same occurence, thereby ensuring helping us sift out fact from fiction and to eliminate the bias of the author. One such historic occurence… Read More The Fall of Hyderabad – First Hand Sources
Something happened to HV Kamath on 18 Sep 1949. That day, he was literally biting anyone and everyone in the Constituent Assembly. The discussion below is for all to see. Can anyone throw any light on why he was like that, that day? ***************** The Honourable Dr. B. R. Ambedkar (Bombay: General): Is it necessary… Read More Intolerance in the Constituent Assembly
Anquetil Duperron found a copy of Sirr-e-Akbar, Dara Shikoh’s translation of Upanishads and royally defaced the name, in the usual European style as Oppenk’hat. At the start of the book, Dara gives the author’s introduction to the work. This preface, where Dara says Upanishads are a commentary of the Quran, is considered to be the… Read More Dara Shikoh’s Introduction to the Upanishads – Sirr-e-Akbar
If Jadunath Sarkar is one of the best we have got and if this book is his magnum opus, I am not happy. Read the narrative, it looks as if Aurangzeb won the war against Maharaja Jaswant Singh solely because of Jaswant Singh’s incompetence and nothing else. In contradiction to what is presented by Sarkar,… Read More Battle of Dharmat – History of Aurangzeb – How much can we rely on that?
The story is all too known. Yayati summons his sons and asks them to give him their youth in lieu of the crown as a mollification of the curse Sukra gives him. All his sons reject and finally, Puru, the youngest, surrenders his youth. Sourced from Chapter 78, Bhumi Khanda of Padma Purana, below is what… Read More Yayati Cursing Turu – Defining a Mlechcha
What sort of garbage is this? This looks more like a floral piece of fiction than an account in a book of history by an erudite scholar. The complete section hinges on only one part – the incompetence of Maharaja Jaswant Singh, which looks completely unfair. The highlighted parts solely assert that part. Reaching Ujjain… Read More Battle of Dharmat – History of Aurangzeb – Jadunath Sarkar
From Hindu Temples – What happened to Them Well, the only liberality I took is appending the original poem quoted by Nainasiri in full from the book Munhata Nainsiri Khyat. The Note from the Government of Gujarat says that the Rudramahalaya was built by Siddharaja Jayasimha in the 12th century and that it had eleven… Read More An account of Rudramahalaya Temple
Below is what Tarikh-i-Sultan Mahmud-i-Ghaznavi(I don’t know it’s antecedents) says over Mahmud of Ghazni. 1. The father of the King was the Amir Sabaktagin, and his mother was the daughter of a noble of Zabalistan, for this reason he is (sometimes) called ‘Zabali,” 2. Another time the Sultan again sent him a letter, and wrote… Read More Ghazni – Is he a Champion of Islam or is he a Just Another Conquer?
Really, a sumptuous read. Very rarely, you come across such a powerful speech of a very good quality. Mr. President, at the very outset I must apologise to you and to the House for my absence from the House when it commenced its sitting and when you were pleased to call me to speak to… Read More A Speech in support of Sanskrit by Pandit Lakshmi Kanta Maitra
So, he really knit caps and copied Quran…And wonder why be became that dejected – is it because he foresaw the failure of his behemoth of an empire or suddenly became repentent for his ten thousand sins? “Praise to be God and blessing on those servants [of Him] who have become sanctified and have given… Read More Aurangzeb’s Will
The Supreme Court Judgement issued on 2 July 1995 gives a clear picture of the curious case where a Hindu religious body, in the quest to control a college, decided it’s a different religion altogether. It’s a laborious and interesting read; there is no point to highlight the salient points because 80% of the judgement… Read More Ramakrishnaism and the Definition of Hinduism
In spite of the joke called Indo-Aryan Language Family which says Scottish is more nearer to Marathi as compared to neighbouring Telugu, it is interesting to note how the pronunciation of a word changes as it traverses geographies. Take for example, the word for India itself – it has become Hodu on one side and Cheonchuk on the… Read More How to Murder a Word – The Word India
Well, what we learn is this. Rani Laxmibai jumped over the fort in the dead of the night, surrounded by her guards. She had her baby, Damodar Rao, tied to her back as she jumped off the fort wall on her favorite horse, Badal. What Vishnubhat Godse wrote The Rani, we were told, left the… Read More The Escape of the Rani of Jhansi
Always, I get confused with this treaty. Article 1 says transfer of ownership of property, Article 3 says the cost of transfer, Article 4 states that Gulab Singh can’t encroach and Article 5, Britain will be the arbitrator in any disputes. Article 10 establishes the British legitimacy over Article 5. These articles clearly point to a… Read More Treaty of Amritsar(1846) – Treaty or Sale Deed?
I came across this statement somewhere that Nadir Shah scooted away when he heard that Bajirao is marching North. This means, we are staring at a completely different narrative of the story presented to us, only thing is, we need to find out how much of this story is true. All this started with the… Read More The Portuguese, the Marathas and the Persians
There is this book, My Journey written by a Maratha Brahmin by name Vishnubhat Godse, as fate ordains, decided to go on a pilgrimage to North India exactly at the time the the rebellion is about to start. For his bad luck, he was near Mhow, in Jhansi, Dhar, Gwalior, Lucknow and Chitrakoot when the… Read More Jhansi Theatre in 1857 Rebellion – What is the Truth?
What do we read in our textbooks regarding Nepal’s role in 1857 Indian War of Independence? That Nepal voluntarily supported the British and helped crush the opposition. I will present you a statement from the quasi-official version of the East India Company and two more from two different books, poles apart, but which were written contemporareous to 1857 Indian… Read More Nepal in 1857 Indian War of Independence – What is the Truth?
One line – By thumping our women and weaklings. That’s grand. – This is sufficient to tell about the British sadism. A good, but perverted read. In the middle of the hot night, the fan stops, and a man in the barrack-room, roused to desperation by heat and sleeplessness rushes forth, careless of the consequences,… Read More The British Boot – Punch Magazine, 1875
From NDTV. A powerful read and I was expecting at least one such article for a long time. This is the view of a person who hates the prominence given to Delhi and to some extent, the Hindi belt. Very rarely, a positive word is written about something which is not from North India. This, reminds… Read More Delhi Media Is Hurting Brand India With Distortions – Mohandas Pai
From Swarajya The tragic death of jawan Roy Mathew, who may have committed “suicide” after a website aired a sting operation in which he allegedly criticised the sahayak system in the army, raises ethical and moral issues on the legitimacy of such methods to collect “news”. While the jawan, who was unaware he was being… Read More Stings And Lazy Journalism: Jawan’s Death Proves Partial Illegitimacy Of Stings – R Jagannathan
The story started in 1904, where the rapaciousness of the British for everything resulted in Britain invading Tibet. As a consequence of that, Britain forced Tibet to accept to a border demarcation between British India and Tibet in 1914. China, though invited, didn’t sign the border agreement. This was never seriously enforced till even 1947… Read More Indo-China Wars – Who is the Winner?
Well, a coin of Mahmud of Ghazni gives a very interesting perspective. Is he another local ruler who accepted the reality that he is in an overwhelmingly Hindu territory? Or has he accepted that Sanskrit and Sharada ruled the day? Or did he do this to flaunt his secular credentials? Or is it one of the first… Read More Is Ghazni just another Indian Ruler who accepted the Reality?
…It is well known by now that Hindi is not the language of the majority of our people. Even if Hindi had been the language of the majority of our people, that majority would not have had the right to coerce the minority into acceptance in a matter of this kind. Hindi is, at best,… Read More Rajaji on Hindi as National Language
The Progressive Writers Movement formed as an anti-imperialistic and left-oriented literary movement with the aim to bring equality and attack social injustice. It was formed in 1935 in London as a consequence of a meeting of progressive Indian authors and it’s manifesto was published both in English and in Hindi. The manifesto, in English, published from… Read More Manifesto of the Progressive Writers Movement, 1935
Sometimes, history is that obfuscated that you need to knit it from multiple sources. This can happene even in the case of modern history where, in some areas, considerable effort is spent to obfuscate information. This generally happens as a consequence of a change of government – Britain leaving India because of which they burnt many… Read More Operation Polo – Did the Hyderabadi Army fight the War?
Finally…after a search for years. Maqdoom’s iconic battle cry against the Razakar Movement in Hyderabad. Ye jung hai jung-e-azadi, azadi ke parcham ke tale Hum Hind ke rehne vaalonki, mehkoomonki, majbooronki, Azadi ke matwaalonki, Dehkaanonki, majdooronki Saara sansaar hamara hai Purab paschim uttar dakhkhin Hum Afrangi, Hum Amreeki Hum Cheeni java jaane watan Hum surkh sipahi… Read More Jung-e-Azadi – Maqdoom Mohiuddin
His father was a very powerful noble who was made responsible for the maintenance and expansion of a considerable part of a powerful kingdom. He had four brothers and his father died after a long life of repute. His father’s life was entwined before another noble, who was equally powerful but of a vastly inferior caste and… Read More A Case of Acute Mental Trauma – How Nations are Unmade
Seth Govind Das : I should like to say a few words to my South Indian Friends at the very outset. As I just now said, it has been a problem for me for a few days past and I have been thinking whether I should speak in English or in that official language which… Read More National Language Debate – First Attempt to Bulldoze Opposition to Hindi and the Royal Troll in Response
The Hindu – Sep 10 1949 – India’s State Language – Claims of Sanskrit – Amendment to be moved to Article India’s Law Minister Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, is among those who have sponsored Sanskrit as the official language of the Indian Union. One of his supporters is Dr. B. V. Keskar, India’s Deputy Minister for… Read More National Language of India – the Attempt for Sanskrit
Interesting read, but doesn’t it reek of the regular Caucasian snobbishness and outrage at recognizing someone who isn’t a Caucasian White? Updated Oct. 15, 1998 12:01 a.m. ET We’ve grown used to seeing the Nobel Peace Prize go to terrorists (like Yasser Arafat) and the Nobel Prize in literature to Marxists (seemingly every winner). But… Read More The Wrong Economist Won – Robert L. Pollock on Amartya Sen’s Nobel in Wall Street Journal
If you know what to look and where to look, Indian scriptures give you tremendous information. Take for example, the list of Satavahana Emperors. Matsya Purana, in Chapter 273 gives a clear picture of the list of the rulers. And note, somewhere in the middle, there are these slokas which place them relatively – महापद्माभिषेकात्तु यावज्जन्मपरीक्षितः।… Read More Satavahana Ruler List – Matsya Purana
Again from the same book, A History of Indian Logic: Ancient, Mediaeval and Modern Schools by Satish Chandra Vidyabhusana. Tarka Sastra by Vasubandhu (it’s Chinese translation came in 550 AD making this book much older than that) lists out 22 different types of defeat in a discussion – Hurting the Proposition Pratijna Hani Shifting the Proposition… Read More Twenty Two types of Defeat in a Debate – Tarkasastra
Well, I am going through a translation of the the principles of debate written by a scholar by name Maitreya who lived in the sixth century AD in his book Saptadasabhumisastrayogacharya. Whatever he wrote then will shake you wide awake – every single point is valid even today, that too, when we are following the Western… Read More Maitreya’s Principles of Debate
Nasik Inscription of Gautami Balasri, the mother of Gautamiputra(obvious, right?) Satakarni) is such a famous inscription, known by it’s famous name Nasik Prasasti is one of the most important ones over Satavahana history. Well, everyone knows the name and none knows what it contains, especially in these days of euphoria of the Telugu movie over the… Read More Nasik Prasasti of Gautami Balasri
The standard argument put forward is that the so-called Aryans, some barbarians, raided India and burnt the Indus Valley Civilization to ground and took their place. They created an artificial language, a proof of which is not found even after hundred years, they selectively picked and interpreted sections from the Vedas to fit their definition. Well,… Read More Poking at Aryan Invasion Theory – Two Inconsistencies
Gandhis and Nehrus are our freedom fighters, no one remembers those Hamidullah Khans and Jayachamaraja Wodeyars who sacrificed everything when promised something, that something far less than their sacrifices and even then, the promises stood reneged. Well, why did we cheat them, then? It’s not as if the money is huge. It is slightly less thanthe… Read More Patel’s Speech on Princely State Integration – 12 Oct 1949
One of my friends was talking about the punishments in the Telugu movie Aparichitudu which led me to Section 5.26 of Bhagavata Purana. It is a very powerful read and the depth of information regarding the types of sins can be no more exhaustive. And all this, at least 1500 years old, creates even more… Read More Various Types of Hells – Bhagavata Purana
Well, it looks like, these days, I am posting more in languages I don’t know and would need serious help in giving them a decent translation. Today’s case is about a few poems attributed to Kamban. Due to some reason, Kamban, estranged from his patron Rajaraja II Chola, migrated to the court of Prataparudra I of… Read More The Wrong Kamban – Patronage First and Everything Later
The word Bargi, meaning plunderer came to be synonymized with the Marathas in Bengal. The word originated from the Marathi Bargir meaning horseman and from Bargir-dari – guerrilla warfare which Marathas are famous for and which was introduced by Malik Ambar. The Maratha depredations were that that severe that people migrated away from the frontlines… Read More The Bargi Menace – Sifting Fact from Fiction
Again based on the book The Tirumala Temple. It looks like there are four types of Vishnu idols according to Agama Sastras – Yoga, Bhoga, Vira, Abhicharika. Bhoga Murti indicates wealth and should be installed in a village. Vira Murti is installed at the outskirts of a village and is used as a guardian deity.… Read More An Agamic Estimation of the Idol of Lord Venkateswara of Tirumala
After trashing the Bahamani Sultanate, Sri Krishna Deva Raya turned his attention towards Kalinga. May be because of Kalinga’s support for rebellion in Udayagiri or may be to continue his exploits, he launched himself against Kalinga. Two armies marched, one through the southern route led by Timmarusu, may be through Srisailam-Panagal and one through the… Read More Tukka Panchakam – The lament of a Forlorn Woman
Recently, when I went to TTD temple in Chennai, I laid my eyes on three books – the 15 volume Mahabharata, the 5 volume Bhagavatam(both an explanation of the main Telugu translations, not the Sanskrit one) and a 600 page book named The Tirumala Temple by Ramesan. The first one is a very famous one… Read More Lord Venkateswara of Tirumala – A Description of the Idol
There are some names, whose deeds are world famous, but the people are not. Damerla Ayyappa is one such, his contribution being the city of Chennai. Search regarding him, you will find literally nothing whatsoever. Well, as what is known, he is the younger son of Damerla Chennappa Nayaka, who ruled as a stand by for… Read More Damerla Ayyapendra – The Founder of Chennai
It’s not just the southern part of Bangladesh which is tough to draw because of those many islands. The northern part, especially in Rangpur division was even tougher since there are around 200 stand alone bits scattered in India and Bangladesh, these bits ranging in size from 25 sq km to a few square metres, creating… Read More Indo-Bangla Border and it’s Enclaves – A Curio and a Nightmare
There is this nice joke we have here. Even though India and Pakistan got independence at the same time, Pakistan celebrates it’s independence day one day before India. And that is because Pakistan’s official language is Urdu written from front to back and India’s is Hindi, written from back to front. Nehru and Jinnah gave… Read More Jinnah’s Midnight Speech – 14 Aug 1947
Stalin, once said to his son, “No, you’re not, You’re not Stalin and I’m not Stalin. Stalin is Soviet power. Stalin is what he is in the newspapers and the portraits, not you, no not even me!” That is what Jayalalitha is, an institution. She is the government, she is the party, she is the… Read More The End of an Era – A Eulogy
Well, someone gets a thought and the British decide to annex German East Africa comprising of the current Rwanda, Burundi and Tanzania. With a German force of 3000 German of which only 1200 are active soldiers supported by 11000 African(wholly Askari?), it should have been a cakewalk for the British to take down the colony. The German… Read More Forced War I – Incompetence in East Africa
Tradition says Warangal fort has seven concentric walls. May be, of the seven, two are the solid walls we are seeing even today and five, sort of temporary. May be, the considered the moat as one wall. Or, may be, it’s an exaggeration in itself. Of the two concentric walls standing today, the outer, a… Read More Warangal Fort – What existed between the Kirti Toranas?
What the hell is this? What is Gandhi thinking? Does he want Indian soldiers to march in lines towards Pakistani lines without firing even a bullet and be decimated in hordes? Did he even understand the implications of what he is saying? He is saying the General to practice non-violence but even he doesn’t know how… Read More General K. M. Cariappa and Mahatma Gandhi
Viswanatha Nayaka, for whatever reasons, divided his kingdom into 72 Palem(district)s, each headed by a Palegadu/Palayagadu/Polygar. Lifting directly from the Kakatiya administration(either they themselves are Kakatiya Nayak descendants or had someone close to them like the Sri Kalahasti-Chengalpattu-Vandavasi Velama Nayaks who are descended from Kakatiya Nayaks. After all, he is from the Vijayanagar Court and… Read More The 72 Polygars of Madurai
Famous for his wit, one thing we are never supposed to forget regarding Tenali Ramakrishna is that he is an expert in at least five or six languages and his grasp on Telugu is such strong that two of his compositions list in the five of Telugu’s best(and toughest!!). Well, there is this anecdote regarding… Read More Tenali Rama and the Virtues of a Woman
Brihadeeshwara Temple of Thanjavur, conveniently turned into Pritheeswara Temple due to the limitations of Tamil language, is a story in epic proportions. Tall and majestic, everything is of a massive scale with the highlights being the Vimana standing at 216 feet, the Sivalinga at maybe 12 feet and the Dwarapalakas, may be 15 feet tall.… Read More The Brihadeeshwara Curse?
Nawaz Sharif, UN General Assembly on 22 Sep 2016 Mr. President, Excellencies, Distinguished delegates, Ladies and Gentlemen. We congratulate Mr. Peter Thomson on his election as President of the 71st Session of the General Assembly. We agree that implementation of the Sustainable Development Agenda should be the focus of this Session. We also pay tribute… Read More Tom and Jerry – Tom strikes back – India and Pakistan at UNGA