Again from the same book, A History of Indian Logic: Ancient, Mediaeval and Modern Schools by Satish Chandra Vidyabhusana. Tarka Sastra by Vasubandhu (it’s Chinese translation came in 550 AD making this book much older than that) lists out 22 different types of defeat in a discussion –

  1. Hurting the Proposition Pratijna Hani
  2. Shifting the Proposition Pratijnaantara
  3. Opposing the Proposition Pratijna virodha
  4. Renouncing the Proposition Pratijna sanyasa
  5. Shifting the Reason Hetvantara
  6. Shifting the Topic Arthantara
  7. The Meaningless Nirarthaka
  8. The Unintelligible Avijnanartha
  9. The Incoherent Apaarthaka
  10. The Inopportune Apraptakala
  11. Saying too little Nyunata
  12. Saying too much Adhika
  13. Repetition Punarukta
  14. Silence Ananubhashana
  15. Ignorance Ajnana
  16. Non-ingenuity Apratibha
  17. Evasion Vikshepa
  18. Admission of an Opinion Matanujna
  19. Overlooking the censurable Paryanuyojyopekshana
  20. Censuring the non-censurable Niryanuyojyanuyoga
  21. Deviating from a tenet Apasiddhanta
  22. The Semblance of a reason or fallacy Hetvabhasa
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