In a Bahamani advance around 1360s, Vinayakadeva, the son of Musunuri Kapaya Nayaka, the de facto ruler of Telangana was captured and executed. The war continued with reverses for Kapaya Nayaka and finally, Kapaya Nayaka agreed to a truce. Below is what Firishta writes of the pact –
When the agents of the Raja came to Kowlas Bahadur Khan conducted them to the King, to whom they presented the offerings agreeably to treaty; and in return received rich dresses, besides valuable jewels, and several fine horses for the Raja. Some days after this, the ambassadors represented to Bahadur Khan, that if his Majesty, after fixing the territorial limits of the state of Tulingana, would sign a treaty, binding his successors to protect the rajas from further encroachment, their master would present him with a curiosity worthy of a great king.
Bahadur Khan having communicated this offer, the King was impatient to know of what the gift consisted; and the ambassadors being introduced, repeated their promise. Mahomed Shah, finding them sincere, drew up a paper in his own hand, fixing Golconda as the boundary between his kingdom and the Raja’s possessions; conjuring his successors, as long as the rajas of Tulingana refrained from breaking their faith, not to molest them. The treaty being signed with the King’s seal, and witnessed by the judges and the principal nobility, the Hindoo ambassadors presented to the King a throne, set with valuable jewels, originally prepared by the Raja of Tulingana as a present to Mahomed Toghluk, King of Dehly. Mahomed Shah, highly gratified, dismissed the ambassadors with marks of honour and distinction. On his return to Koolburga he held a festival, and ascending the throne in great state, caused it to be called the Tukht-i-Feroza; after which he gave audience, and conferred costly presents and titles on those officers who had merited them by their conduct during the war. The silver throne of his father was ordered, however, to be placed in the treasury, and kept as a valuable relic.
I have heard old persons, who saw the Tukht-i-Feroza in the reign of Sooltan Mahmood Shah Bahmuny, describe it as being six cubits long, and two broad: the frame was of ebony covered with plates of pure gold, inlaid with precious stones of great value, in such a way as to be taken off and put on with ease. Every sovereign of the Bahmuny dynasty added some rich jewels, so that in the reign of Mahmood Shah, when it was taken to pieces, in order to remove part of the stones to be set in vases and goblets, the jewellers valued the whole at one crore of hoons. I learned, also, that it was called Feroza from being enamelled of a sky-blue colour, which was in time totally concealed by the number of precious ornaments.
Going by Firishtah’s liberalities in mixing fact and fiction, this story presents us with many theories regarding the origin and destruction of the throne which was a potent power of Bahamani Sultanate from the day it formally became the Bahamani throne(March 23, 1363).
1. Is this the original Kakatiya throne inherited by the Musunuri Nayaks before it was transferred to Delhi? If yes, why was it not transferred as a part of the original booty, along with the king?
2. Is this commissioned by Malik Maqbul or other governor, to be gifted to the Tughluq Emperor? If this is the case, it is highly probable that Malik Maqbul got it commissioned, going by the fact that he himself, under the name of Nagaya Ganna was the last Hindu Governor of the Fort of Warangal under Hindu Rule. Or did he mask it’s origins due to the respect he held towards it?
3. Did the Musunuri Nayaks commission it to assert their independence?
4. Firishtah writes that it is a surprise gift to the Bahamanis. But, is it? Or is Kapaya Nayaka coerced to hand it over?
5. Did the last Bahamani Sultan make it poor or did he dismantle it?
6. Ismail Adil Shah, in a war against the Baridshahis advanced on Bidar and sat on the throne his father served. This opens up another arena – is the Baridshahi throne Bahamani throne? If yes, what happened to it after the kingdom was annexed by Bijapur? Unless destroyed, going by it’s cultural value, it would have become the Bijapur throne for sure.