Only the last six of the Kakatiya Rulers can be called a great. Even of them, Prola was still a vassal to the Chalukyas. Rudra Deva a the firt to declare independence. His was a life of aggression and he was the one who laid the foundation of the mighty Kakatiya Empire. In a battle with the Yadava ruler Jaitrapala, it is said that RudraDeva was captured and offered a a human sacrifice on the battlefield. His nephew Ganapati Deva was also captured. In revenge, Ganapati Deva’s father Mahadeva attacked the Yadavas but was killed. For reasons unknown, may be due to politics and due to ensuring at least one safe border, Ganapati Deva was released and he became the king. Like his uncle who ruled 47 years, he too ruled long, for about 60 years before abdicating in favour of his daughter Rudrama Devi.
In an age of male domination, Rudrama Devi had to face many rebellions in her starting days including from her husband Chalukya Veerabhadra and her success in battle field and as a ruler placed her permanently in Indian history as one of it’s greatest rulers, forget female rulers. Note that her father ruled for sixty years and she herself ruled for thirty years till she abdicated in favour of her grandson Prataparudra. After abdication, like her father, she acted as an advisor to the king and her death is a clear indication that even at that ripe age, she was still a formidable warrior.
Gangaya Sahini, a field commader of Kakatiyas was made the Governor of Upper Penna Valley – around Markapur. His nephew, Ambadeva declared his independence from Kakatiyas and Rudrama Devi personally led the army to crush the rebellion. It looks like Rudrama Devi died in her attempt to crush the rebellion, most probably killed, along with a General Mallikarjuna Nayudu on 27 November 1289. Ambadeva was destroyed only by 1302, 13 years after the death of Rudrama Devi.
Puvvu Mummidi, a soldier(?) got an inscription written confirming the incident along with details of the donations made to the Somanatha Temple of Chandupatla where the battle happened. Though slightly damaged, the inscription tells us a few things – the date of death, the death of the Queen and her commander-in-chief gives an indication that it is either an ambush or a major battle, being in a position to donate to the temple of the village immediately after the battle means either it’s an ambush or a Kakatiya victory.


The inscription(line by line)

స్వస్తి శ్రీ జయా
భ్యుదయ షక వర్ష
ంబులు 1211 విరో
ధి సంవత్సర మార్గశిర
శు 12 శు ॥ స్వస్తిశ్రీ మ
న్మమహామండలేశ్వర కా
కత్యేయ రుద్ర
మహదేవి దేవలోకా
నకు విచ్చేస్తేని శివలోక
ప్రాప్తిగాను మల్లికార్జు
నాయునిం గారికి శి
వలోక ప్రాప్తిగాను వారి
భ్రిత్యులు పువుము
ంమడింగారు చంద్రుపట్ల
సోమనాథ దేవరకు-సఒన
గి ఓగిరానకు రా సముద్ర
వెనుకను బల్లెలతో రెంటి వ్రి
త్తి తూర్పునచారియచల్లమోర
-రువ చలికాలమురా
… ంయిన
దీనిం ఆచంద్రార్కముగాను

Svastisri Jayabhyudaya Shaka Varshambulu 1211 Virodhi Samvatsara Margasira Shu 12 Shu॥ Svastisrimanmahamandaleshwara Kakatyeya Rudra Mahadevi Devalokanaku vichesteni Sivaloka praptigaanu Mallikarju Nayunim gaariki Sivaloka praptigaanu vaari bhrityulu Puvumummadiogaaru Chandrupatla Somanatha Devara-saonagi ogiranaku ra samudra venukanu ballelato renti vritti turpunachaariyachallamoerati-gaanuam-da-daa-ruva chalikaalamura…myina deenam achandrarkamugaanu dhaaraapurvakamugaa nistimi