Communism has three classes of people as ideologues and implementers –
Rich people like Karl Marx who thought what is right – they assumed what is right and acted according to it, without knowing whether their assumption is right or wrong
Poor people who wanted to prove themselves like Lenin. This is the real class but we find very few such
The riff raff of the society who, in their lust for power and jealousy towards more capable joined the Communist bandwagon and brought a bad name to it. One of the greatest such names is Pavel Dybenko.
Born in 1889 in a peasant family, below is a charting of his life. Many times, he was sacked for being incompetent, but he survived somehow. Or is it because he was in the midst of people like him, who preferred hatred towards rich over competence?
1907 – Sacked from treasury department due to his untrustworthyness
1911 – While working as a port labourer, he tried to avoid enlisting and was forcibly enlisted in the Navy.
1912 – Joined Bolshevik Party
1915 – Mutiny on board battleship Emperor Paul I, imprisoned for six months and then sent to the frontlines. Arrested again for anti-war propaganda
1917 – Released and made the head of Tsentrobalt – Central Committee of the Baltic Fleet
1917 – October Revolution, leads the Baltic fleet to seize the power in St. Petersburg. Dybenko enters Ministry of Justice and destroys papers referring to German Government funding Bolshevik Party. Dybenko was made People’s of Naval Affairs. Lenin fearing his incompetence, made an ex-Czarist admiral as his deputy
December 1917 – Orders execution of Russian Commander-in-Chief Nikolay Dukhonin (who surrendered) against orders – he is bayoneted to death and used his dead body, naked and with a cigarette in mouth as target practice.
February 1918 – Dybenko sent to block the German advance on St. Petersburg. The mariners came across a barrel of alchohol and consumed it. Their wherabouts were not known for a month after fleeing from the battlefield. The outcome was the Treaty of Brest-Livostk and moving of capital from St Petersburg to Moscow.
April 1918 – Dismissed from service, expelled from the communist party and put to trial for cowardice, but acquitted under the reason “Being no military expert, he was absolutely neither competent nor trained for the task,… he was not prepared to fight…”
April 1918 – Incites soldiers against the Treaty of Brest Livostk. Saved due to the threat of an insurrection in his favour avoided his arrest
April 1918 – Escapes to Samara, becomes an opposition leader and publishes phamplets denouncing Lenin
May 1918 – Turns up in Moscow pleading for pardon one week before a rebellion at Samara. He is pardoned and the rebellion is crushed. Made a battalion commander at the No-man’s land between Russia and Ukraine to break his links with Baltic Navy and to avoid his incompetence in field.
Late 1918 – Dybenko’s forces conquer a few villages on Russia-Ukraine border, tries to create a common front with all groups including Left SR, Maximalists and Anarchists. The plans doesn’t work out and all non-Bolshevik groups are disabled.
Early 1919 – Made a General by Trotsky. Trotsky selected him for this role because of his Ukrainian name and origin to give an impression that it was just another military force acting in Ukraine, not the Bolshevik army.
Spring 1919 – All non-Bolshevik forces in Ukraine destroyed. Mass executions in Dnipropetrovsk of SR activists and members of local Soviet in Zaporizhia. Funding for Dybenko’s forces was through dacoity – local people and trains to Russia
April 1919 – Disregarding superior orders to move towards Donbas, he invades and occupies Krym. Consequently, the whole of Ukraine falls to White Army. Dybenko creates Krymean Soviet Socialist Republic and invites Lenin’s brother to head it. He makes himself the Army and Navy Minister. This regime’s form of governance is termed Dybenkism – a combination of anarchy, tyranny, and banditry. Seeing this, Trotsky stopped supplies to the army. The Soviet was occupied by the White General Denikin, with his forces fragmenting into Bolshevik, White Russian and other factions. Dybenko escapes.
September 1919 – Enters Red Army Academy
October 1919 – Appointed commander of Division No 37 and sent to fight the advancing White Army at Tsaritsyn and Tula. He was put on Court Martial for unjustified executions of soldiers of his, but was found not guilty.
March 1920 – Made commander of Caucasian cavalry divisio
May 1920 – Gave additional charge of Horseback division #2 of the Southern front. The army was crushed by White-Guard cavalry led by General Barbovich due to Dybenko’s lack of experience in cavalry warfare. As a proof of his incompetence, he was recalled back to Moscow to complete his studies.
March 1921 – Under the command of Tukhachevsky, crushes the naval rebellion in Kronstadt. Dybenko constitutes a court martial which issued death sentences for 2103 on a single day. Receives his first Order of the Combat Red Banner. The second and third are received in February and April 1922 for crushing peasat revolts.
1922 – Finishes his studies from General Staff Military Academy. Not just his thesis and home assignments, it is speculated that his wife Alexandra Kollontai wrote all the books written on his name. The marriage collapsed when this news came out and he attempted suicide.
1922 – Appointed Commander of the 5th Rifle Corps of the Red Army and then 10th.
1922 – Restored as a member of Communist Party
1925-28 – Head of the Artillery Directorate and the Supply Directorate of the General Staff of the Red Army
1928 – Made the head of Middle Asia Military District. He masked his mismanagement and incompetence by brutality in tactics.
1933 – Dybenko was appointed Volga Military District Commander. His avowed enemy Kutyakov,a renowned hero of Civil War was made his deputy. The level of slander between the both led to execution of Kutyakov. Tukhachevsky and Uborevich protested, but he wrote an explanatory letter to Vorshilov.
1935 – Annexes an island on Volga for hunting entertainment for him and his friends
1936 – Member of Supreme Soviet of USSR, made a 4 Star General and made the Commander for Leningrad Military District. Personally led the purges in the district.
1937 – Plays a major role in execution of Tukhachevsky, participated as a judge in the trial.
1938 – Removed from Leningrad and made Deputy People’s Commissar of Forestry industry citing lack of trust
1938 – Arrested on charges of Nazi Conspiracy, embezzlement, sex and alcohol orgies. Sentenced to death and shot.
1958 – Rehabilitated.