There is this argument Tamilians put, Tamil is the oldest language in the world. Two of the greatest arguments are the usage of the word Tamira in Hathigumpha Inscription of Kharavela, which Nilakantha Sastry decided as Tamil country, while it actually meant Tamralipti in Bengal. The second oneis the dating of the book of grammar Tolkappiam, which they calculated to be around 3rd Century BC. This presents another problem here – the second book is written only in 11th Century AD, a gap of 1400 years, which is obscenely high for any language in the world. Having a cursory glance at the table below will clearly tell why the number is wrong – all commonsense places the book at around 8th-10th Century AD while the Tamilians decide it to be written a millenium before that.

The table contains the dates when the first three books are written under that particular category in Sanskrit, Tamil and Kannada.

SANSKRIT
Dictionaries Grammars POETICS/PROSODY/RHETORIC ENCYCLOPEDIA
First 4 C.E 4-2 B.C.E 5 C.E 5 C.E
Second 4 C.E 2 C.E 6 C.E 12 C.E
Third 6 C.E 6 C.E 6 C.E
TAMIL
First 10 C.E 3 B.C.E 3 B.C.E 10 C.E
Second 10 C.E 11 C.E 10 C.E 10 C.E
Third 12 C.E 12 C.E 11 C.E 12 C.E
KANNADA
First 10 C.E 11 C.E 9 C.E 10-11 C.E
Second 11 C.E 13 C.E 10 C.E 15 C.E
Third 11 C.E 17 C.E 11 C.E

The same data, with the book names –

SANSKRIT
Dictionaries Grammars POETICS/PROSODY/RHETORIC ENCYCLOPEDIAS
First 4 C.E
Amarakosha (Amarasimha)
4-2 B.C.E
Ashtadhyayi (Panini)
Mahabhashya-Commentary on Ashtadhyayi (Patanjali)
5 C.E
Bruhatsamhita (Varahamihira)
5 C.E
Bruhatsamhita (Varahamihira)
Second 4 C.E
Dhanvantari Nighantu (Dhanvantari)
2 C.E
Katantra Vyakarana (Shrvavarman)
6 C.E
Kavyalankara (Bamaha)
12 C.E
Abhilashitartha Chintamani ( Bhulokamalla)
Third 6 C.E
Anekartha Samucchaya (Shashaavata)
6 C.E
Mahabhashya Dipika-Commentary on Mahabhashya (Bhatruhari )
Kashika Vrutti- Commentary on Ashtadhyayi (Vamana)
6 C.E
Kavyadarsha (Dandin)
TAMIL
First 10 C.E
Sendan Divakaram (Divakaram)
3 B.C.E
Tolkappiam (Tolkappiyanar)
3 B.C.E
Tolkappiam (Tolkappiyanar)
10 C.E
Sendan Divakaram (Divakaram)
Second 10 C.E
Pingalantai (Pingalar)
11 C.E
Viracholiyam (Buddha Mitra)
10 C.E
Yappurungulam + Yappurungulakkarikai (Amruta Saagara)
10 C.E
Pingalantai (Pingalar)
Third 12 C.E
Chudamani Nighantu (Mangala Puttiran)
12 C.E
Neminatham (Gunaveera pandita)
Tolkappiam- Poruladigaram Commentary (Perashiyar)
11 C.E
Chulamani (Gunasagarar)
Purapporul Vembamalai (Iyanaar Idanaar)
Dandiyalankaram(Annonymus)
12 C.E
Chudamani Nigantu (Mangala Puttiran)
KANNADA
First 10 C.E
Ranna Kanda (Ranna)
11 C.E
Kavyavalokana (Nagavarma)
9 C.E
Kaviraja Marga (Sri Vijaya)
10-11 C.E
Lokopakara (Chavundaraya)
Second 11 C.E
Abhidana Vastu Kosha (Nagavarma)
13 C.E
Shabdamani Darpana ( Keshiraja)
Shabdanushasanam (Akalanka Deva)
10 C.E
Chandobudhi (Nagavarma)
15 C.E
Viveka Chintamani (Nijaguna Shivayogi)
Siribhuvalaya (Kumudendu)
Shivatatva Chintamani (Lakkana Dandesha)
Third 11 C.E
Abhidana Ratna Mala+Amarakosha Bhashya (Halayudha)
17 C.E
Shabdamani Darpana-Commentary (Nitturu Nanjayya)
11 C.E
Kavyavalokana (Nagavarma)

The data is pulled from a comment from http://controversialhistory.blogspot.co.uk/2007/05/myth-of-antiquity-of-tamil-language.html

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