India lapsed into British rule because of the incompetence of two rulers who inherited vast power but were unable to stand up to the standards – Baji Rao II, the Peshwa and Nizam Ali, the Nizam. If not both, had at least one of them stood up to the challenge, India’s destiny would have been far different. Below table depicts the fall from grace of the Nizam, whose prestige dropped continually in the eyes of the British as viewed from the titles used in the treaties the Nizam signed.

Context of the treaties –

12 Nov 1766 – Shah Alam II gifted the British Northern Circars and they want the lands from the Nizam

26 Feb 1768 – After a short war in which the Nizam fared badly, the Nizam was forced to accept that the Nawab of Carnatic is no more his subordinate and Northern Circars are to be given to the British

29 Jul 1790 – The Nizam is just one of those who joined the British bandwagon against Tipu Sultan

18 Mar 1792 – End of Third Mysore War, war spoils

1 Sep 1798 – Subsidiary Alliance, in want of Nizam’s Support against Tipu Sultan

13 Jul 1799 – End of Fourth Mysore War, war spoils

12 Oct 1800 – Subsidiary Alliance revisited

12 Apr 1802 – Commercial Treaty

Date of Treaty Nizam termed as Company termed as Order in which the parties are invoked
12 Nov 1766 GREAT NAWAB, high in station, famous as the sun, NAWAB AUSUPH JAH NIZAM-OOL-MOOLK NlZAM-UD-DOWLAH MEER NIZAM ALLY KHAN BAHADOOR PHUTTA JUNG SEPOY SIRDAR, HONOURABLE ENGLISH EAST INDIA COMPANY Nizam, Company
26 Feb 1768 GREAT NAWAB high in station, AUSUPH JAH NIZAM-OOL-MOOLK MEER NIZAM ALLY KHAN BAHADOOR PHUTTAH JUNG SIPPA SIRDAR, SOUBAH of the DECCAN HONOURABLE UNITED COMPANY of MERCHANTS of ENGLAND trading to the EAST INDIES Company, Nawab of Carnatic, Nizam
29 Jul 1790 NAWAB AUSUPH JAH BAHADOOR, SOUBADAR of the DECCAN HONOURABLE UNITED ENGLISH EAST INDIA COMPANY Company, Nizam, Peshwa
18 Mar 1792 NAWAB AUSUPH JAH BAHADOOR HONOURABLE ENGLISH EAST INDIA COMPANY Company, Nizam, Peshwa, Tipu
1 Sep 1798 His HIGHNESS THE NAWAB NIZAM-OOL-MOOLK AUSUPH JAH BAHADOOR, SOUBADAR of the DECCAN HONOURABLE UNITED ENGLISH EAST INDIA COMPANY Company, Nizam
13 Jul 1799 His HIGHNESS the NAWAB NIZAM-OOD-DOWLAH AUSUPH JAH, BAHADOOR ENGLISH EAST INDIA COMPANY BAHADOOR Company, Nizam, Peshwa
12 Oct 1800 His HIGHNESS THE NAWAB NIZAM-OOL-MOOLK AUSUPH JAH BAHADOOR, SOUBADAR of the DECCAN HONOURABLE the ENGLISH EAST INDIA COMPANY Company, Nizam
12 Apr 1802 His HIGHNESS THE NAWAB NIZAM-OOL-MOOLK AUSUPH JAH BAHADOOR, SOUBADAR of the DECCAN HONOURABLE ENGLISH EAST INDIA COMPANY Company, Nizam
Advertisements