Early in his reign, Tipu Sultan instituted a new calendar of his own design because of the variance between Muslim(Hijri) Calendar and the Solar Calendar, Hijri being 11 day less. The real problem is that while taxes are calculated according to Hijri, crop yield is according to solar. Even though both Tipu’s calendar, which he named Mauladi(sometimes, called Muhammadi) Calendar and the Muslim(Hijri) Calendar had 354 days, he took the intercalary months concept from the Hindu Calendar(Adhika Masa) and added to his calendar to make it as long as a solar year. Mauladi Era starts from the birth of Prophet Muhammad(572 AD), not from the date of his flight from Mecca(622 AD) as like in Hijri. It is named after Maulud-i-Muhammad(birth of Muhammad). It consisted of a cycle of 60 lunisolar years of 12 months each, main difference being, the extra days came at the start of the month, as against the end in Hindu Calendar. It starts on Ugadi day of the Kannada Calendar. In 1787, the names were changed from Abjad system to Abtath system. To avoid confusion between Hijri and Mauladi, while Hijri was written from right to left, Mauladi was written from left to right.
|Name||Duration(days)||New names(after 1787)|
|Bahari(Bahar – spring)||30||Bahari|
Years followed a 60 year cycle, below names are known. The names are derived using Abjad(for the first five) and Abtath for the balance modified to contain meaningful words.