India’s rulers have got a very bad problem. What we see is whenever there is an invasion, the decisive battles are fought in the outskirts of Delhi leaving all the lands from Khyber to Delhi unattended, the main cities in the area being Peshawar, Multan and Lahore. It’s not that the lands are indefensible. There is a road, Grand Trunk Road running all the way to Balkh from god knows when and this became an expressway for the invaders who wished to cover those 1000 odd kilometres to the area of Panipat. And in general, these decisive battles went against India. I don’t know who selected these killing fields in India, but, the same killing fields were used at least from the days of Mahabharata. Since pre-Islamic information is lacking, find below a list of the major battles which India fought in this area. I am not able to place the Battle of Chach, but for sure, it happened near the Indo Pak Border as Kangra(Nagarkot) was the next target in the same attack. Note that Porus also fought in the same general area(probably Mirpur in PoK) but he didnot represent India as such. Even in the Mongol wars, most of them are fought in the Delhi area with a few battles happening near Multan and Lahore.

Battle

Year

Indian

Invader

Result

Consequences

Battle of Chach

1001

Anandapala Januja

Mahmud of Ghazni

Invader Victory

The Shahi Empire becomes non-existential and North India becomes open to invasions

Battle of Tarain

1191

Prithviraj Chauhan

Mahmud of Ghori

Indian Victory

Indian Victory

Battle of Tarain

1192

Prithviraj Chauhan

Mahmud of Ghori

Invader Victory

Subjugation of North India

Mongol Invasions

1220-1325

Mainly Alla-ud-din Khilji

Mongols

General Indian Victory but there were considerable losses

Main battles – Lahore(1241), Multan(1257), Delhi(1303, 1327),(Invader Victory), Delhi(1297, 1299), Amroha(1305), Multan(1306)(Indian Victory)

Battle of Panipat

1526

Ibrahim Lodi

Babar

Invader Victory

Replacing Lodis by Mughals

Battle of Panipat

1556

Hemachandra Vikramaditya

Akbar

Invader Victory

Replacing Hemu by Mughals

Battle of Karnal

1739

Muhammad Shah

Nadir Shah

Invader Victory

Loot and Sack of Delhi

Battle of Tarain

1759

Dattaji Shinde

Ahmed Shah Abdali

Invader Victory

Successful crossing of Yamuna, Panipat Campaign

Battle of Panipat

1761

Sadashivrao Bhau

Ahmed Shah Abdali

Invader Victory

Crushing of Maratha Power

Battles of Delhi

1398

Nasiruddin Muhammad Tughluq

Timur Lang

Invader Victory

Sack and Loot of Delhi

Advertisements