A set of three articles…

There are many reasons why the Americans did not understand the Japanese. The biggest of them was their reluctance to surrender. The table below gives an indication of the level of losses the Japanese preferred to have instead of surrender.

Battle

Start

End

Commander

Forces

Killed

Captured

% Killed

Death of Commander

Battle of Luzon

09-Jan-45

15-Aug-45

General Tomoyuki Yamashita

2,87,000

2,05,535

9050

71.61%

Called off due to general surrender

Battle of Okinawa

01-Apr-45

22-Jun-45

Gen Mitsuru Ushijima

1,20,000

1,10,000

7000

91.67%

Suicide

Battle of Leyte

17-Oct-44

31-Dec-44

General Sōsaku Suzuki

60,000

50,000

389

83.33%

Escaped

Battle of Guadalcanal

07-Aug-42

09-Feb-43

Lieutenant-General Harukichi Hyakutake

36,200

31,000

1000

85.64%

Was coordinating from Rabaul

Battle of Saipan

15-Jun-44

09-Jul-44

Lieutenant General Yoshitsugu Saitō
Admiral Takeo Takagi
Admiral Chūichi Nagumo

31,000

29000

921

93.55%

Suicide

Battle of Iwo Jima

19-Feb-45

26-Mar-45

General Tadamichi Kuribayashi

22,060

18,844

216

85.42%

Killed in Action

Battle of Gaum

21-Jul-44

10-Aug-44

General Hideyoshi Obata

18,657

18,337

1250

98.28%

Suicide

Battle of Manila

03-Feb-45

03-Mar-45

Vice Admiral Sanji Iwabuchi

17,000

16665

0

98.03%

Suicide – Grenade

Battle for Cebu City

26-Mar-45

08-Apr-45

Col Rijome Kawahara

15,000

9000

2000

60.00%

Killed in Action

Battle of Peleliu

15-Sep-44

27-Nov-44

Colonel Kunio Nakagawa

13,600

10,900

202

80.15%

Suicide

Battle of Biak

27-May-44

17-Aug-44

Lieutenant General Kuzume Naoyuki

10,800

9100

450

84.26%

Suicide

Battle of Tinian

24-Jul-44

01-Aug-44

Vice Admiral Kakuji Kakuta

8039

7807

252

97.11%

Suicide

Battle of Kwajalein

31-Jan-44

03-Feb-44

Vice Admiral Monzo Akiyama

8000

7200

253

90.00%

Killed in Action

Battle of Corregidor

16-Feb-45

26-Feb-45

??

6700

6600

19

98.51%

 

Battle of Buna–Gona

16-Nov-42

22-Jan-43

Major General Yamagata Kurihanao
Major General Kensaku Oda

6500

6000

200

92.31%

Kurihanao – escaped
Oda – Suicide

Battle of Tarawa

20-Nov-43

23-Nov-43

Vice Admiral Keiji Shibazaki

5000

4690

145

93.80%

Killed in Action

Battle of Eniwetok

17-Feb-44

23-Feb-44

Major General Yoshimi Nishida

3500

3380

105

96.57%

Killed in Action

Battle of Attu

11-May-43

30-May-43

Col Yasuyo Yamasaki

2900

2850

29

98.28%

Banzai Charge

Battle of Bataan

31-Jan-45

21-Feb-​45

Col Nagayoshi Sanenobu

2800

2400

25

85.71%

Retreated to fight from jungles

Battle of Angaur

17-Sep-44

22-Oct-44

Major Ushio Goto

1400

1350

50

96.43%

Killed in Action

Battle of Makin

20-Nov-43

23-Nov-43

Lieutenant Seizo Ishikawa

400

395

3

98.75%

Killed in Action

A casualty rate of 90+% for an army more than 1,00,000 strong? Even the Battle of Luzon would have had at least 30000 more casualties if not for the general surrender taking the casualty rate to 82%.

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