Plain, straightforward and even practical in implementation, that too from one without any military background . But as the adage goes, Man proposes and God disposes. This plan came to naught for two reasons –

1. In the pact between Germany and Russia, India was assigned to the Russian Sphere of Influence and Germany was not ready to antagonize the Russians

2. Even major was the German Invasion of Russia

The text below –

Memorandum by Subhas Chandra Bose [According to a minute by Woermann of Apr. 11 (195/139135-36) Bose submitted his memorandum in English. This document has not been found; the original of the document printed is a German translation prepared in the Foreign Ministry.

BERLIN, April 9, 1941.

Subject: Plan for cooperation between the Axis Powers and India.

As in the World War, England in the present war again attempted to exploit India for her war aims. Since the beginning of the war England has not relaxed either her political or her economic pressures on India, despite the numerous defeats inflicted on her by Germany. To us in India it is therefore quite plain that England, even though she is gradually collapsing, will increasingly tighten her stranglehold upon India, up to the very last. It is just as evident from England’s present policy in India that if she should survive the war, England will try to restore her power by the exploitation of India’s rich resources, in order to resume the fight against the new order a few years later.

India is naturally interested in seeing England totally defeated in this war and the British Empire completely broken up so that India would recover her freedom as a nation. The British Empire is the greatest obstacle, not merely to India’s advance toward her freedom as a nation but also in the path of human progress.

As the Indian people’s attitude toward Britain is very hostile in the present war, it is able to render material assistance to bring about Great Britain’s downfall. To achieve full cooperation between the Axis Powers and India for the achievement of the common aim, the destruction of Great Britain, I am proposing the following plan. It will involve work in Europe, in Afghanistan, in the tribal area (independent zone) situated between Afghanistan and India, and last but not least, in India itself.

I. Work in Europe

1) A free India government should be established in Europe, if possible in Berlin.

2) A treaty between the Axis Powers and the free India government should be drawn up which, among other things, would provide for India’s liberation in the event of an Axis victory. Special privileges for the Axis Powers in India when a free government takes over, etc., etc.

3) Establishment of Legations of the free India government with, as far as possible, all the friendly countries in Europe. (nota bene : The steps mentioned above will convince the Indian people that in the event of an Axis victory its freedom would be guaranteed by the Axis Powers and that the fact of India’s independence is already being recognized.)

4) Thereafter propaganda should be started, especially over the radio, calling on the Indian people to rise up for their freedom and launch a revolt against the British authorities. The broadcasts would have to be made in the name of Radio Free India.

5) Arrangements should be made for sending the necessary materials via Afghanistan to India in support of the rebellion.

II. Work in Afghanistan (Kabul)

1) In Kabul a headquarters should be set up to maintain communications between Europe and India. The existing Legations could be expanded to cope with the work; or special committees would have to be set up to do the necessary work.

2) These headquarters should have the necessary equipment, automobiles, trucks, couriers, etc., to maintain communications between India and Europe.

III. Work in the Independent Zone

1) Our agents are already at work in this independent zone, which is situated between Afghanistan and India. Their activity would have to be coordinated and a plan drawn up for large-scale raids on British military bases. Offensive action by isolated anti-British elements, such as the Fakir of Ipi could be integrated into this big plan.

2) A few military experts would have to be dispatched from Europe to this region.

3) A powerful center of propaganda should also be set up in this zone and the necessary equipment for a printing shop should be procured.

4) Arrangements should also be made to set up a radio transmitter in this region

5) Agents from the independent zone should be recruited who would select the necessary scouts from the [Northwest] Frontier Province. (This is the province adjoining the independent zone.)

IV. The activity in India

1) Broadcasts to India ought to be made in grand style. At first they could be transmitted from a station in Europe, later from transmitters in the independent zone.

2) The printing shops in the independent zone will have to turn out the propaganda material for India as well.

3) Our agents and party members in the various Indian provinces will have to be instructed to hamper the activities of the British authorities in India as much as possible. They should work along the following lines

(a) Intensive propaganda among the Indian population against service in the Army and payment of even a single rupee in taxes;

(b) Inducing the civilian population by propaganda to refrain from paying taxes to the authorities or obeying the laws of the British Government, etc.

(c) Secret action among the Indian units of the Army, toward inducing the Indian soldiers to engage in a military rebellion.

(d) Organizing strikes in those factories which support the British war effort.

(e) Acts of sabotage against strategic railway lines, bridges, factories, etc. The required material for this would have to be shipped to India.

(f) Organizing insurrections among the civilian population in various parts of the country, which could then be used as a springboard for the revolution of the masses.

V. Financial matters

The funds required for the aforementioned activities would have to be provided by the Axis Powers in the form of a loan to the free India government, which has its seat in Europe. After the termination of the war, when an independent government has been installed in India, this loan would be repaid in full.

For disbursements in Europe the mark currency might be used. For expenditures incurred in Afghanistan marks can be converted into afghanis. For payments in India afghanis can be converted into rupees, although this might encounter some difficulties at this time. But it might be considered whether 10-rupee notes could not printed in Europe, in order to be taken to India through Afghanistan.

VI. Military Aid in the Annihilation of British Power in India

The British Government has in India a maximum of 70,000 British troops and auxiliary forces which are loyal to the Government. Therefore it will be difficult for England to hold India with British troops alone, if the Indian troops should rebel. If at that time small contingent of 50,000 soldiers, equipped with the most up-to-date weapons, would be dispatched to India, the English could completely driven out of India. The Axis Powers should in any event take this important fact into consideration.

Advertisements