Jaipur is the capital of Rajasthan and is one of the most prosperous of the Rajputana states. A reason for this can be found in the history of Jaipur. Basically, they never fought wars which they did not lose and always stayed on the correct side of brute force.
The main exception is the ones with Marathas, where they tried to preserve their newly found independence. Even there, they always avoided paying money to them and may be compensated the money they saved with the money which they had to shell out under duress. Basically, they lost wars but not their money.
Jaipur territory was initially under the ruler of a Meena king of Khogong, Alan Singh Chanda. He took into his care, a stranded Rajput mother and child. The child, Dhola Rai, grew up as an administrator in the kingdom and was sent on an embassy to Delhi. On retrun, he massacred the Meenas and occupied the kingdom on the day of Diwali. Till then on, their history dealt with attacking and occupying the Meena kingdoms, one of the last to fall was Naend, thereby expanding and enriching themselves. This was always done with annihilating force, either alone, or using the help of others.
Basically, they didn’t fight any of the trouble makers after their coming to power – Ghori, Khilji, Nadir Shah and Abdali(Iswari Singh was in the battle where Abdali was defeated by Qamruddin but did not participate in war). The only exceptions are Mughals and Marathas. With Mughals, they fought in 1527, but by 1534, they become staunch allies while, probably, they thought Shindes and Holkars as low class petty land lords who usurped power and need not require any respect. Note that they accepted the Peshwa but not the Holkar or Shinde. One was a goatherd and the other, the descendant of a petty village chief. But for their relief, the Maratha menace lasted for less than half a century.
1191 – Pajvan of Jaipur, the brother-in-law of Prithvi Raj Chauhan is killed in the Sanyokta episode. There is a possibility that this character is a fiction as the first written record of him came in sixteenth century.
1192 – Pajvan’s son Malesi stays neutral in the war with Ghori due to injuries in the episode where his father died. Consequently, Jaipur emerges as the most powerful of the Rajput kingdoms.
1236 – The Ajmer Darga is erected. As the route stays through the territory of Jaipur, it is assumed that they were always on the correct side of Delhi
1527 – Prithvi Raj supports Rana Sanga against Babar and loses.
1534 – Puranmal of Jaipur helps the Mughals in the Battle of Mandrail
1562 – Bharmal gives his daughter to Akbar while the complete Rajput world is contemplating for a fight with the Mughals. This ensures peace in the kingdom atleast till the death of Jai Singh II.
1679-1709 – Marwar and Mewar rebel against Mughals, Jaipur supports the Mughals
1737 – Jai Singh II, the Governor of Malwa, noticing the changing tide, advices the Mughal Emperor to give up Malwa to Marathas.
1739 – Jai Singh doesn’t participate in the fight against Nadir Shah, but noticing times of trouble, starts fortifying his kingdom
1736-1743 Jai Singh tried to form a united front against Marathas, but is unsuccessful
1748 – Marathas first enter Jaipur to support Madho Singh against Iswari Singh, both sons of Jai Singh
1761-1803 Jaipur continually avoided payments to Marathas due to which they had to plunder Jaipur territories. At least five wars were fought. Tonk, Ajmer and Rampura are lost to the Marathas. In the wars, the Rajput States, Marathas, Jats and the Mughals were in changing opposing factions. Marathas were clearly on the upper hand till Jaipur signed a treaty with British. The picture changed only with the death of Jaswant Rao Holkar
1803 – Jaipur accepts British suzerainity during the wars of Yeswant Rao Holkar
1947 – Jaipur joins Indian Union, the king, first becomes the Raj Pramukh of Rajputana and later, died happily as an Indian Amabssodor to a European state.