The Golconda Court, at it’s end was divided into two factions – Brahmins and Deccani Muslims on one side and Foreign Muslims on the other. At the moment of the struggle, the Brahmins had the upper hand and were led by the brothers Akkanna and Madanna. The relations between the Dutch and the Brahmin faction were very good except for a quarrel between the second factor of Hyderabad, Theunis Carstensz, and Akkanna in 1683. In July 1685, the Dutch factors in Hyderabad accused Akkanna of having illegitimately extorted goods worth 145,030 hons from them and the superiors at Pulicat and Batavia supported them. In April 1686, they sent a mission to the Sultan to retrieve the money, but they were unsuccessful. The Company felt compelled to go to war with Golkonda to save face.
After the assassination of the brothers, the factional struggle began at the court and the Muslims were ready to give the amount to the Dutch while the Brahmins were not. When a large delegation of the VOC arrived in Hyderabad to voice the complaints in March 1686, Mir Husaini Beg, who had been appointed sar-khayl after the defection of Muhammad Ibrahim, intimated that he will help the Dutch.
In October 1686, when Mir Husaini Beg was invested with the whole government by the Sultan (the firman issued says he is appointed to placate the Dutch), he called for the factors and promised to pay their minimum demand of 50,000 hons — although he too remained convinced that the Dutch demands were illegitimate.
What we read –
1. Akkanna, using his power, illegally extorted that huge amount from the Dutch making him an example of Hindu avarice. Even the Muslim of the opposite faction who took Akkanna’s place probably was also privy to this secret.
2. The Dutch wins in the war were such important that the king was compelled to remove Vissanna and had to appoint Mir Husaini Beg.
What actually happened –
1. The fact suppressed from the contemporary records is that some documents were discovered in the house of the Hyderabad-based merchant Chodenda, which revealed that it was in fact the Dutch factors at Hyderabad Jan van Nijendaal, Carstensz and Janszoon who lost the money in successive private trade enterprises. Since it was too late to accept the guilt, the Company felt compelled to go to war with Golkonda to save face. The fact that Akkana is innocent in this episode was suppressed from the world by the Dutch and the same is carried out till this day in order to justify their war against Golconda. All the chroniclers, Daniel Havart(Jan van Nijendaal was Havart’s father-in-law), Pieter van Dam, François Valentijn were not allowed to reveal in their books
2. In fear of Aurangzeb knowing Brahmins are still in control of his government, but still showing he is independent, the firman was issued in the name of Dutch. In fact, the factors in Hyderabad doubted “whether this is not more to please Aurangzeb who indeed is an arch-enemy of the Brahmins.” The merchant Chodenda also expressed the opinion that the sultan had installed Mir Husaini Beg for fear that Aurangzeb might discover that the Brahmins were still in government.